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Complete the table to compare the five kingdoms ...
Kingdom
Prokaryotae Protoctista Fungi Plantae Animalia
Cellular Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic
organisation
Cell wall Protein Varied ­ not Chitin Cellulose Absent
present in all.
Cellulose in
algae.
Nutrition Auto- and Auto- and Heterotrophic Autotrophic Heterotrophic
heterotrophic heterotrophic
Storage Glycogen Various e.g. Glycogen Starch and Glycogen
products granules (in starch and oil lipid and lipid
some) in green
algae
Main Bacteria Protozoa Moulds Mosses Invertebrate
groupings Cyano- Algae Yeasts and Ferns Vertebrate
bacteria (blue blue-moulds Conifers ·birds
green algae) Mushrooms Flowering ·reptiles
& toadstools plants ·amphibia
·mammals…read more

Slide 3

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Complete the table to compare the three domains ...
Domain
Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eukaryotae
Cellular
organisation
Cell wall (if
present)
Cell membrane
Antibiotic
sensitivity
ssrRNA
Main groupings…read more

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Domain
Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eukaryotae
Cellular Prokaryotic Prokaryotic Eukaryotic
organisation
Cell wall (if Peptidoglycan Do not have Do not have
present) (murein) peptidoglycan peptidoglycan
Cellulose (plants)
Chitin (fungi)
Cell membrane Unbranched Branched Unbranched
hydrocarbon, ester- hydrocarbon, ether- hydrocarbon, ester-
linked to glycerol linked to glycerol linked to glycerol
Antibiotic Insensitive to those Sensitive to some Insensitive to those
sensitivity that affect that affect Eubacteria that affect Eubacteria
Eukaryotae and some that affect
Eukaryotes
ssrRNA Regions unique to Regions unique to Regions unique to
Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eukaryotae
Main groupings Gram positive and Extremophiles: Protoctista, Fungi,
gram negative Methanogens Plantae and Animalia
bacteria Extreme halophiles
Cyanobacteria and thermophiles…read more

Slide 5

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Summary .... Living organisms are
classified into the following
Classification puts living hierarchy
organisms into a hierarchy domain
Classification systems have kingdom
changed and will continue to phylum
change as knowledge class
develops order
family
Terminology: there are three
genus
related terms
species
classification ­ the grouping
of living organisms Characteristic features of the
phylogeny ­ the various kingdoms:
evolutionary relationship Prokaryotae (Monera)
between organisms small size, no nucleus or
taxonomy ­ the study of membrane-bound
classification and the organelles, DNA circular
techniques used to classify and naked, 18 nm
organisms ribosomes, murein cell wall…read more

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... summary .... Plantae
eukaryotic photoautotrophic,
Protoctisa chloroplasts for
eukaryotic i.e. membrane- photosynthesis, large
bound nucleus and permanent vacuole,
organelles, chromosomes cellulose cell walls, storage
associated with protein, 22 polysaccharide is starch
nm ribosomes. Animalia
varied group ­ only shared eukaryotic, heterotrophic,
feature is they do not belong move, small temporary
to the other kingdoms. vesicles, storage
Fungi polysaccharide is glycogen
eukaryotic (see above) and Organisms are named using
heterotrohic. The fungal a binomial system
body is a mycelium, developed by Carl Linnaeus
comprised of hyphae which
every species has two
are multinucleate, chitin cell
names ­ the genus name
wall, storage polysaccharide
and the specific name e.g.
is glycogen
Homo sapiens…read more

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