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Complete the table to compare the five kingdoms ...
Prokaryotae Protoctista Fungi Plantae Animalia
Cellular Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic
Cell wall Protein Varied ­ not Chitin Cellulose Absent
present in all.
Cellulose in
Nutrition Auto- and Auto- and Heterotrophic Autotrophic Heterotrophic
heterotrophic heterotrophic
Storage Glycogen Various e.g. Glycogen Starch and Glycogen
products granules (in starch and oil lipid and lipid
some) in green
Main Bacteria Protozoa Moulds Mosses Invertebrate
groupings Cyano- Algae Yeasts and Ferns Vertebrate
bacteria (blue blue-moulds Conifers ·birds
green algae) Mushrooms Flowering ·reptiles
& toadstools plants ·amphibia
·mammals…read more

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Complete the table to compare the three domains ...
Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eukaryotae
Cell wall (if
Cell membrane
Main groupings…read more

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Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eukaryotae
Cellular Prokaryotic Prokaryotic Eukaryotic
Cell wall (if Peptidoglycan Do not have Do not have
present) (murein) peptidoglycan peptidoglycan
Cellulose (plants)
Chitin (fungi)
Cell membrane Unbranched Branched Unbranched
hydrocarbon, ester- hydrocarbon, ether- hydrocarbon, ester-
linked to glycerol linked to glycerol linked to glycerol
Antibiotic Insensitive to those Sensitive to some Insensitive to those
sensitivity that affect that affect Eubacteria that affect Eubacteria
Eukaryotae and some that affect
ssrRNA Regions unique to Regions unique to Regions unique to
Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eukaryotae
Main groupings Gram positive and Extremophiles: Protoctista, Fungi,
gram negative Methanogens Plantae and Animalia
bacteria Extreme halophiles
Cyanobacteria and thermophiles…read more

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Summary .... Living organisms are
classified into the following
Classification puts living hierarchy
organisms into a hierarchy domain
Classification systems have kingdom
changed and will continue to phylum
change as knowledge class
develops order
Terminology: there are three
related terms
classification ­ the grouping
of living organisms Characteristic features of the
phylogeny ­ the various kingdoms:
evolutionary relationship Prokaryotae (Monera)
between organisms small size, no nucleus or
taxonomy ­ the study of membrane-bound
classification and the organelles, DNA circular
techniques used to classify and naked, 18 nm
organisms ribosomes, murein cell wall…read more

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... summary .... Plantae
eukaryotic photoautotrophic,
Protoctisa chloroplasts for
eukaryotic i.e. membrane- photosynthesis, large
bound nucleus and permanent vacuole,
organelles, chromosomes cellulose cell walls, storage
associated with protein, 22 polysaccharide is starch
nm ribosomes. Animalia
varied group ­ only shared eukaryotic, heterotrophic,
feature is they do not belong move, small temporary
to the other kingdoms. vesicles, storage
Fungi polysaccharide is glycogen
eukaryotic (see above) and Organisms are named using
heterotrohic. The fungal a binomial system
body is a mycelium, developed by Carl Linnaeus
comprised of hyphae which
every species has two
are multinucleate, chitin cell
names ­ the genus name
wall, storage polysaccharide
and the specific name e.g.
is glycogen
Homo sapiens…read more

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