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Page 1

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Turning to crime ­ Upbringing

BACKGROUND
Many would argue that the biggest influence on criminality is the family
Partaking in illegal activity is easier when an individual grows up in a household where criminal
thinking is the norm.
If you family are criminals it is likely that you to would…

Page 2

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Turning to Crime ­ Poverty & Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods


BACKGROUND
The relationship between poverty and crime has been a controversial subject over the years.
Many would argue that poverty does not have a causal relationship to crime because there are
countries in which poverty is very high but the crime rate…

Page 3

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Turning to Crime ­ The Influence of Peers
BACKGROUND
Family is not the only influence on criminality
Our friendship groups can profoundly affect criminality, especially during adolescence
People are more likely to commit crime if others in their social networks do, and less likely to do so if
their peers…

Page 4

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Cognition ­ Criminal Thinking Patterns
BACKGROUND
An essential approach in understanding crime is whether the people who commit offences think
differently to non-offenders.
The belief that criminals have different thought processes to non-criminals is a basic and
fundamental explanation of criminal behaviour.

STUDY TO SUPPORT
A study to support the…

Page 5

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Cognition ­ Moral Development

BACKGROUND
An essential approach in understanding crime is whether the people who commit offences think
differently to non-offenders.
The belief that criminals have different morals to non-criminals or that they lack morals in some
way is a basic and fundamental explanation of criminal behaviour.
Moral development…

Page 6

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Cognition ­ Social Cognition


BACKGROUND
We all justify and explain our behaviours using either internal or external attributions
An internal attribution is when a person accepts full responsibility for their own behaviours and
sees the cause as being within themselves
An external attribution is when a person's sees the cause…

Page 7

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Biology ­ Brain Dysfunction


BACKGROUND
Previous research which have used a variety of techniques on both animals and humans has
indicated that dysfunction in certain localised brain areas may predispose individuals to violent
behaviour

STUDY TO SUPPORT
The aim of the study was to look at direct measures of both…

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Page 9

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Biology ­ Genes & Serotonin


BACKGROUND
Previous research has shown that the genetics within an individual may be the cause of criminality
In 1966, Price suggested that males with an extra Y chromosome `XYY' were predisposed
towards violent crime ­ Individuals with XYY are usually above average height and below…

Page 10

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Biology ­ Gender
BACKGROUND
In all cultures, young males appear more often in crime statistics than any other groups
Although, females do commit crime, the figures are far lower
The male hormone testosterone has been cited as a factor in male violence as it does influence
levels of aggression
Daly…

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