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Philosophy
Keywords
Inductive argument ­ if the premises are true, it is unlikely that the conclusion would be false.
Deductive argument ­it is impossible for the premises to be true but the conclusion to be false.
Analytical statements ­ true by definition (e.g. a triangle has 3 sides)
Synthetic statements…

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A principle for assessing whether statements are genuine scientific assertions by considering whether
any evidence would ever disprove them.
Karl Popper(Conjectures and Refutations- 1963)
o Differentiate between genuine science and pseudoscience.
o Any theory that is impossible to disprove is an invalid theory e.g. Freud's psychoanalysis (theory
by which empirical…

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o A mystic, emphasises non-verbal experiences of God (mysticism).
o Tried to express in words the experience of mystical communion with Christ in poetry form.
Moses Maimonides­ (A Guide for the Perplexed)
o "God has no positive attributes...the negative attributes of God are the true attributes"
o "There is no…

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It can help believers make sense of a concept (God) that is beyond human
comprehension.
o Criticisms
St. Paul­ we cannot accurately express God even through analogy until we see
him.
Analogy tells us nothing new about God ­ analogies are based on what is known
through His creation.
Based…

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Similarity of relation ­ symbols are like analogies, e.g. the images of Jesus in
The Gospel of John: the Living Water, the Light of the World, Good
Shepherd; the True Vine. Symbolic relations of proportion are in operation.
Myths
o Understood to be a story that is not true but…

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o Means it is difficult to discuss religion and religious concepts if different faiths have different
religious languages.
D.Z. Phillips
o Religious language is a language game as religious language is not grounded or criticised in
reason; it's a system of its own.
o Statements such as "God exists" are…

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Passivity ­ not actively bringing it about, instead receiving something that is offered,
the divine teaches about the divine.
Ineffability ­ inability to describe the experience, descriptions are meaningless to
people that haven't experienced it.
Noetic quality ­ revelation, insights into normally unobtainable truths, knowledge
grasped through perception.
Transiency ­…

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Visions/Voices
Three types of vision
o Intellectual ­ gives knowledge of God; inner visions.
o Imaginary ­ strengthen faith, usually in dreams.
o Corporeal ­ when a figure is visibly present.
Bernadette of Lourdes
o Visions of a figure describing themselves to be the "immaculate conception" (Virgin Mary)
o Initially…

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o Starbuck
Everyone has transformations in ideas
If we stop trying to change then true change can occur.
All adolescents go through symptoms similar to conversion experiences.
Religious experiences begin with a feeling of incompletion ­ e.g. John Wesley.
Therefore religious experiences could simply be a person shifting their changing…

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o Criticism ­ apparent contradictions in the Bible pose a challenge to this view.
Liberal view

o Roots in the early 18th Century during the Enlightenment period.
o Use of reason to discover truth, as opposed to blind faith, so rejects the miraculous as not
possible.
o Treat the Bible…

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Jon Favreau

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Jamie Edward Cann

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BIGMANTINGYUNO

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its a peng ting uno

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