NUCLEAR ARMS RACE - KEY EVENTS (2)

key events of the nuclear arms race

a2 history with edexcel

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  • Created on: 05-06-12 20:26
Preview of NUCLEAR ARMS RACE - KEY EVENTS (2)

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Key Events of the Nuclear Arms Race
Accelerated nuclear developments
Created tension
Nuclear created conflict
Created stability
ATOMIC BOMB
US dropped A-bombs on Japan
US had atomic monopoly
Soviet invest massive resources in A-bomb development
HYDROGEN BOMB
US developed H-bomb
Soviets developed H-bomb
US rocked by events of 1949
DELIVERY SYSTEMS
Need for improved methods of delivery
Development of SLBMs
US invest heavily in long range B-52 bombers
POLICIES
Policies of Massive Retaliation and Strategic Rocket Force created
Policies emphasises centrality of nuclear weapons
Leaders resist pressure for conflict created by policies
SPACE RACE
Launch of Sputnik
US public perceived `missile gap'
US under pressure to `catch up' with Soviets
BERLIN CRISIS 1961
Aggressive policy in Berlin seen to fail
Khrushchev under huge pressure internally
Needed to create way of provoking confrontation to show strength
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS 1962
Soviets put missiles on Cuba
In response US imposed blockade
Closest the Cold War came to a nuclear war
RESULT S OF THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS
Deal to remove missiles from Cuba and Turkey
Hot line set up
Test Ban Treaty agreed

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