Non verbal studies for your gcse exam!!!

Non verbal studies for your gcse exam!!!

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  • Created on: 11-04-12 07:52
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Interrupting Eye Contact (functions of eye contact)
Researcher: Argyle (1968)
AIM: To see how interrupting eye contact affects conversation
METHOD: Pairs of participants were observed having conversations. In half of the conversations, one of the participants wore dark glasses so
that the other could not receive eye contact.
RESULTS: When one of the participants wore dark glasses there were more pauses and interruptions than when dark glasses were not worn.
CONCLUSION: Eye contact is important in ensuring the smooth flow of conversation.
EVALUATION: The conversations were held under artificial circumstances so the participants may not have behaved in a natural manner.
However the situation does occur in real life so the study does have ecological validity.
Hemispheres of the brain
Researcher: Sackeim (1978)
AIM: To look at the relationship between facial expression and the hemispheres of the brain

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METHOD: Pictures of people's faces showing different emotions were cut down the middle and new faces made by combining mirror images of
each half face. These new faces were shown to participants who were asked which picture they preferred.
RESULTS: The majority of participants preferred the face made from the left half of the face and its reflection. They reported the face as looking
CONCLUSION: The left side of the face expresses more emotion than the right side.…read more

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EVALUATION: In the experiment, participants only had tone of voice and the content of the message to base their interpretation on. In real life we
usually have several other sources of information such as the facial expression of the speaker so we may not focus on tone of voice to the same
PRACTICAL IMPLICATION: When speaking to people we should ensure that our tone of voice matches our intentions so that our meaning is clear.…read more

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Cultural Norms and Personal Space
Researcher: Summer (1969)
AIM: To see if there are cultural differences in expectations of personal space
METHOD: Groups of white English people and groups of Arabs were observed in conversation.
RESULTS: The conversational distance for the English people was between 1 and 1.5m. The Arab people tended to stand much closer than this
when in conversation.
CONCLUSION: The interpretation of personal space in normal conversation varies from culture to culture.…read more

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Psychology…read more

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Non-Verbal Communication Studies…read more


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