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Isabelle Bradshaw (4025)
33 marker: Critically examine role of NGO's and international organisation in the developing word
Rich countries wield power through IGO's. Members of these are wealthy and have power. They wield
power over IGO's (EU and UN), the rich country members exert their power over member states and
nonmember states. IGO's create hierarchy e.g big 5 of the UN have power of veto over other countries.
WTO try to promote free trade, reduce barriers to trade and get rid of tariffs, but this only benefits the
western nations who can take advantage of this lower prices and get cheap product.
IMF give loans to those who need it, US policy makers decide who gets on the board and these decide
who needs it.
World Bank, loans and advice focused on poverty reduction in the western model.
IGO's are good at overall development, can promote education in countries and can aid countries to
IGO's like the World Bank and IMF only serve western values of those on the board of members.
IGO's aren't likely to fund corrupt governments and they will not agree to fund them. But who
determines which governments are corrupt? If a country shares the same values with the donor then
they are more likely to get funding.
NGOs seem to be more objective, they aren't tied to governments which has policies they otherwise
would have to follow.
NGO's can target needs where needs are greatest. Because they are not influenced by governments or
politics this method seems a much fairer way to provide help. For example, NGOs are members of the
disaster and emergency council and coordinate efforts to alleviate suffering in emergencies. Examples
are Water Aid or Save the children which aren't tied to a religion or policies or politics.
Operational NGO's provide help to promote development and directly help. They have operations to
directly help those who need it, going in and creating water pumps, building schools, building hospitals
Advocacy NGO's are pressure groups which can pressurise government and change ideologies.
NGO's can be both of thee, such as Amnesty international which is a huge human rights pressure
group, constantly applying pressure to governments to change their views on the treatment of their own
NGO's aren't subject to their country of origin, for instance the Red Cross is not tied to one country's
laws but is responsible for human rights laws. NGO's can go to grassroots levels and they are good at
getting money through donations to do so. So in terms of disaster relief they can provide good help.
NGOs have more willingness and ability to take risk when they have bases all around the world at local
levels. For instance in Syria with all of the troubles, or in Israel/Palestine.
Because of the reliance on donations there could be a phenomenon called charity fatigue, which is
where the impact the NGO are having is less amazing to donors who have become desensitised to it
and so slow donations.
NGOs may not be able to gain access to some areas to help because they have not got the political
backing, influence or power. For example, in Syria NGO's constantly face a lot of red tape just trying to
get in. Aid workers who are part of NGOs could be kidnapped which has happened in Syria by ISIS
because they are believed to have some sort of political alliance.
NGOs are also reliant on certain types of companies to aid their travels to these places. For instance,
relying on British airways to donate a plane to help deliver food.
NGOs have massive bureaucracy which takes money away from the donations. For instance, there has
been controversy over the NGO's and charity bosses earning so much money yearly because they are
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Isabelle Bradshaw (4025)
the heads of the organisation but their pay is made up of donations so they are taking away from the
help they could provide. However, this does not mean they are all bad, for instance advocacy NGOs
like Amnesty International even with the red tape have managed to free prisoners of conscience.
Another example would be GreenPeace who pressurised BP to compensate for the oil spill in the gulf of