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Specification
How the synoptic gospels came into being
· Oral tradition
· Reasons for the synoptic gospels being committed to writing
· The relationship between the three synoptic gospels; the priority of
Mark
· Reasons for writers editing material as they wrote the synoptic
gospels
· Reasons for translating the original Greek synoptic texts
· Issues arising
· Whether understanding about how the synoptic gospels came into
being assists understanding of the synoptic gospels themselves
· The advantages and disadvantages of having three similar gospels
(the synoptic gospels) rather than just one
· Given the time gap before the gospels were written, uncertainty
about their sources and authorship, etc, can we trust them to be
accurate?
· Can a translation be the Word of God?…read more

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The Oral Tradition
· Jesus spent 3 years preaching about the Kingdom
of God
· In these 3 years neither Jesus nor his followers
wrote anything down
· The first document of the New Testament was
Saint Paul's letters to the Thessalonians, 20 years
after Jesus' crucifixion
· The first of the 3 synoptic gospels, Mark, was
written between 60-70CE, 30 years after Jesus'
death
Unit 1: How the synoptic gospels came into
being…read more

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Oral Tradition
Why Nothing was written down Why Gospels came to be written
People were illiterate so were unable to So Jesus' work would not be forgotten
The utensils to write weren't available Apologetic: Fight for belief
People were worried they couldn't write To give others hope in time of persecution
the stories of the Son of God well enough as would help the Early Church: Ecclesia
People thought Jesus would come back To convert other people
within their lifetime: Parousia
Under persecution So Christianity would be able to be
continued
Unit 1: How the synoptic gospels came into
being…read more

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The Synoptic Gospels
Synoptic means similar since Mark, Matthew and Luke are so alike. Gospel
means `Good News', each Gospel has there own theme.
Mark Luke Matthew
· Seen as `Peter's · Was a doctor and · Was a tax collector
interpreter' by well educated for the Romans
Papias · Date: 70CE · Date: 70CE
· Date: 60-70CE · Origin: Rome · Origin: Palestine
· Origin: Rome · Audience: · Audience: Jews
· Audience: Gentiles Everyone · Purpose: Prove
· Purpose: Preserve · Purpose: Jesus was the
Simon Peter's Universalism Messiah
memories · Structure: Much
like the Old
Testament
Unit 1: How the synoptic gospels came into
being…read more

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Gospel Criticism
Began in the 18th Century
There are
3 types:
Source Form Redaction
Unit 1: How the synoptic gospels came into
being…read more

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