Slides in this set
Who were the Pharisees and
Mostly middle class businessmen
Were held in a much higher esteem than the Sadducees.
Were the minority in the Sanhedrin, however were more influential due to their
support from the people
Aristocrats of the day.
Wealthy and tended to hold powerful positions, e.g. Chief Priest.
Held the majority in the Sanhedrin.
Tried to keep peace with Rome.
Seemed more concerned with politics than religion.
Beliefs of the Pharisees and
They believed that God controlled all They were extremely self-sufficient to
things, yet decisions made by the point of denying God's
individuals also contributed to the involvement in everyday life.
course of the person's life.
They believed in the resurrection of the They denied any resurrection of the
They believed in an afterlife, with They denied any afterlife, holding that
appropriate reward and punishment the soul perished at death, and
on an individual basis. therefore denying any penalty or
reward after the earthly life.
They believed in the existence of They denied the existence of a
angels and demons. spiritual world, i.e. angels and demons.
Conflict between the Pharisees and
In the time of Jesus there was much hostility between the Pharisees and
Sadducees. In many ways these two groups conflicted with each other. The
Sadducees represented the privileged, conservative, traditional elite of Judaism.
The Pharisees were democratic, progressive new party of the common man. The
Sadducees controlled the temple and its rituals, but the Pharisees controlled the
The Pharisees openly challenged the privileged status of the Sadducees and
criticised their easy tolerance of foreign rule. For the most part, the Pharisees
opposed Roman rule, refused to take the oath of allegiance to the emperor and
more than once participated in short revolts against Rome. Through the Pharisees
were represented on the Sanhedrin by the scribal members, the power there still
rested with the Sadducees. The Pharisees were mostly influential in the realm of the
religious devotion and daily ritual.