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The New Testament
Unit 2: Aspects of Jesus' teaching and
action, parables and healings…read more

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Aspects of Jesus' teaching and action, parables and healings
· the role and the purpose of parables and healings as recorded in the synoptic
gospels scholars' views of the theology and the teaching found in parables and
· Parables The Sower
· Matthew 133­23 and Mark 43­20
· The Tenants in the Vineyard
· Matthew 2133­46 and Mark 121­12
· Healings Centurion's Slave
· Matthew 85­13 and Luke 71­10
· Legion
· Mark 51­20 and Luke 826­39
· Issues arising
· In a scientific age, do Jesus' healings have to be rationalised?
· Is context so important that parables cannot be understood in the 21st
· Are scholars necessary to ensure people have a true understanding of the
theological messages from the parables and the healings?…read more

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The Kingdom of God
It originates
Jesus set up It is one of
from the Old It applies to
It is God's the supreme the major
Testament, your earthly
way of doing example with teaching
Psalm 96V10: life and
things the agape themes used
`King of the spiritual life
principle by Jesus
Jesus' teaching and action, parables and
healings…read more

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`Eschatos' means end and `Logos' means to speak of
It is the study of the end things
· C.H. Dodd: `The Kingdom of God has come'
Realised Eschatology · It is present in the person and ministry of Jesus and
within the individuals experience
· Mark 10:15 `The Kingdom of God within you'
· Albert Schweitzer: `Call to repentance before an
immanent end'
Future Eschatology · The Kingdom of God would be displayed to the world
at large at the end of time
· After judgement is the end of things
· God's Kingdom is in the person but also comes at the
Inaugurated Eschatology end of time
· It is the now and the future
Jesus' teaching and action, parables and
healings…read more

Slide 5

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Definition: A `remarkable occurrence'
St. Augustine: `Miracles are not contrary to nature but only contrary to what we know about
Greek for miracle is semeion which means sign, Hebrew is Oth
Dunameis means power and shows how the miracles were through the power of God
Incarnate: becoming flesh, Jesus was God-incarnate
· Jesus is presented in the Gospels as a healer and a miracle performer
· His miracles worked by: touch, spoken word and faith
· The 4 types of miracles used were: raising the dead, nature, exorcisms
Background and healing
· Miracles were an integral part of Jesus' ministry and they confirmed his
· Jesus never used incantations in his work
· To demonstrate divine authority of Jesus: `It is by means of God's
power that I drive out demons'
· It fulfils his purpose to complete the Old Testament prophecies
Why Jesus · Shows that the kingdom of God has arrived and is a reality through his
Performed authority
Miracles · Demonstrate his human as well as divine power since he shows human
· Reward for faith that God's love and power will help
· Universality to show God is here for everyone
Jesus' teaching and action, parables and
healings…read more

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Purpose and Significance of Miracles
Miracles were seen as appendages that were added onto
the gospels
Form Critics doubt the historicity of miracles undermining
their purpose as during the oral period event accounts
were changed
· Bultmann: `The purpose of miracles was to show Jesus' superiority over
other miracle workers'
· Miracles are proof of Jesus' messiahship and promote faith
· Alan Richardson: `Purpose of the miracles as evidence of the arrival of
the Kingdom of God'
· Josephus: `Doer of wondrous works'
Jesus' teaching and action, parables and
healings…read more

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