Nazi organisations and the co-ordination of German society

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Nazi Organisations and the co-ordination of German society
Youth Organisations
The Hitler Youth
History
The Hitler Youth was created in 1926 but was relatively unsuccessful in its early years. When the Nazis came to
power in 1933, all other youth organisations were banned or taken over by the Hitler youth, except for the
Catholic Church organisations. Only then did they begin to be successful. In1936, a law for the incorporation of
German youth gave the Hitler Youth the status of an official education movement and made them equal to school
and the home. At the Same time, all Catholic youth organisations were banned. By 1936, they had been granted
control over all sports facilities and competitions for children under the age of 14. Membership was made
compulsory in 1939.
Age Division
6-10 Pimpfen (cubs)
10-14 Deutsches Jungvolk (German youth)
14-18 Hitler Jugend (Hitler Youth)
Aims of the Hitler Youth
Bring up a generation of loyal Nazis
Create strong men ready for war
Enforce Nazi ideology
Keep children away from outside influence
Activities
There was constant indoctrination and physical activity. Boys from the age of 10 were taught the motto "Live
faithfully. Fight Bravely and die laughing" The emphasis of youth activities were on competition, struggle, heroism
and leadership as boys were prepared to be fighters. Members had to swear an oath of alliance to Hitler. The
syllabus of political indoctrination had to be followed and there was a big emphasis on military drill. Boys had to
sing Nazi songs and had to read Nazi pamphlets. They were taken on hikes and camping trips and ritual
ceremonies and songs reinforced the Nazi ideology. The opportunity to engage in these activities was very
attractive to millions who grew up with little money. For these boys, their growth was shaped by Nazi views and
the emphasis on Struggle, sacrifice, loyalty and discipline became the norm. Many children joined against their
parents wishes as the Hitler Youth offered an outlet for their teenage rebellion.
By the late 1930's, The organisation became more beaurocratic and there was more emphasis on military drill
and training and children enthusiasm began to wane. There were reports of poor attendance ad boys resented
the harsh punishments imposed for minor infringements of the rules.
The League of German girls
History
The BDM (Bund Deuthscher Madel) was the female equivalent of the Hitler Youth. Its motto was "Be faithful, Be
pure, Be German" It was part of the process of preparing girls for their future as housewives and mothers in the
Volksgemeinschaft. Membership became compulsory in 1939.

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Age Division
10-14 Jung Madel (Young girls)
14-18 Bund Deuthscher madel ( League of German girls)
18-21 Glaube und Schonheit (Faith and Beauty)
Aims of the League of German Girls
To raise loyal Nazis
Raise healthy women ready for childbearing
Raise women who knew that their place was in the home
Indoctrinate girls with Nazi ideology
Activities
The girls were taught that they had a duty to be healthy as their bodies belonged to the nation; they needed to
be fit to be child bearers.…read more

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We were Germanys hope and future."
A.Klonne, Youth in the third Reich, 1982
" What I liked about the Hitler youth was the comradeship. I was full of enthusiasm...the trips into the
countryside...later when I became a leader, the negative aspect became obvious. I found the compulsion and the
requirement of absolute obedience unpleasant. It was preferred that people should not have a will of their
own...the Hitler youth was interfering in peoples private lives... why didn't we complain to parents or
teachers?...…read more

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The success of Nazi Policy on the young
Overall, I believe that Nazi policy was partly successful because it did help to co-ordinate a large part of society
but it failed to ignite the passion of all children towards Nazi ideology. It was successful because it created a
generation of obedient children who followed the rule of the Fuhrer but this was at the cost of intellectual and
creative freedoms, which would have helped to make Germany a better place.…read more

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