Hitler's Consolidation of Power - Germany

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  • Created on: 25-05-18 09:40
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  • Hitler's Consolidation of Power
    • The Legal Revolution
      • 27 Feb 1933
        • Reichstag Fire. Berlin Parliament Building was burned down and the communists were blamed
      • 28 Feb 1933
        • Decree for the Protection of the People and the State
        • Hitler was granted emergency powers. All civil liberties were suspended and many ant-Nazis were arrested
      • 5 March 1933
        • Election. Hitler called fresh elections in hope for a Nazi majority. The Nazi vote increased to 43.9%
      • 23 March 1933
        • Enabling Act.The Reichstag voted, with a 2/3 majority because many members were absent, for the Enabling Act
        • It gave Hitler total power and ended democracy. Full power was transferred to the Chancellor and government. A legal dictatorship was created
      • 14 July 1933
        • Nazi Party became the only legal one. Hitler banned all other parties
    • Co-ordination (Gleichschaltung)
      • Gleichschaltung was the Nazification, forced co-operation, with the regime
      • There was a revolution from below by the SA and a revolution from above from Berlin to put this in place
      • The aim was to merge society with Nazism, so Nazis could control every aspect of life
      • Institutions
        • Federal States
          • Regional parliaments were dissolved and abolished
          • Reich governors were created
          • Central government became the most important institution
        • Political Parties
          • Communists were banned after the Reichstag Fire
          • The SD Party was banned and its assets seized
          • Most parties dissolved themselves
          • The Nazi Party became the only legal one
        • Trade Unions
          • Union premises were occupied. Funds were seized and leaders sent to concentration camps
          • Independent unions were banned and replaced by the German Labour Front (DAF)
    • The Night of the Long Knives
      • Hitler had to deal with opposition from Ernst Rohm and the SA, due to their indiscipline
      • Hitler chose to execute Rohm and other SA leaders in June 1934
      • Consequences of the Night
        • It removed the SA and won the support of the conservative Right. The army took an oath of loyalty to Hitler
        • The **, Hitler's personal bodyguard, emerged as an independent organisation
        • Hitlet secured his dictatorship. Hitler was able to get away with these political executions
      • Hindenburg died in August 1934 and Hitler merge the roles of president and chancellor into Fuhrer


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