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Wolfgang amadeus
Born in Salzburg in 1756
He was a child prodigy and became famous at
a very young age
He moved to Vienna in 1781 where he spent
the rest of his life as a composer and a
He wrote 600 compsotions
He died aged 35 in Vienna in 1791…read more

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The Orchestra
As the orchestra grew throughout the classical era, it came
to include a standard woodwind and brass section, which
took over the harpsichord's primary function (to provide
chordal support) so it fell out of use.
By the end of the 18th century, the newly invented clarinet
joined the woodwind
The standard classical orchestra was created in the classical
Strings Woodwind Brass Percussion
Violins Flutes (2) Trumpets (2) Timpani
Violas Oboes (2) French horns (2)
Cellos Clarinets (2)
Double basses Bassoons (2)…read more

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The symphony was one of the most important and popular
large-scale genres invented during the Classical era
The symphony developed from the Italian three-section
sinfonias for strings and continuo.
A symphony is a large-scale genre for orchestra in 3 or 4
movements. Sonata form is often used for the first and last
movements in symphonies.
Tempo varies between movements.
A symphony was usually structured as follows:
First movement Second movement Third movement Fourth movement
Fast tempo Slow tempo Minuet and trio Fast tempo
Usually in sonata Various forms: ternary, Rondo or sonata
form theme and variations form…read more

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Sonata form
The 2 fundamental ideas expressed in sonata form are:
· Repetition
· Contrast
A sonata has 3 sections which gives it a symmetry
Exposition Development Recapitulation
· Main themes are · Central section where 1 · Final section which
presented (exposed) or both subjects are balances exposition
· First theme is in the tonic developed · First subject recapped in
key and is usually lively · Development based on tonic key
and rhythmic whole melody or motif · Bridge section to balance,
· Bridge passage where the · Various keys used except but no modulation
music modulates tonic and dominant · Second subject now in
· Second subject is · Adventurous and tonic key, as the piece is
contrasting in mood and dramatic because of ending
(relative) key different keys explored · Concludes with a coda…read more

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Features of the Classical
Well-proportioned and graceful melody lines with regular
phrasing (`question and answer' phrases)
Melody-dominated homophony (melody-dominated
texture) although polyphony was also used
Musical structures had a sense of symmetry and balance
Structures defined by clear keys with regular cadences
Functional harmony (chords used for structural purposes)
Dynamic changes more gradual due to use of diminuendo
and crescendo
Ideas contrast in key, melodies and dynamics
Harpsichord fell out of use
Standard Classical orchestra was established…read more

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Samuel Richardson

This powerpoint presentation contains excellent background information on Mozart and the Classical tradition as well as a great analysis of 'Symphony No. 40 in G Minor'. 

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