Dates - 1830 - 1899
Composers: Mendelssohn, Brahms, Chopin, Wanger and Tchaikowsky
- Portraying feelings and nature in their pieces. Wanted to show a contrast so used a wider range in dynamics.
- Natural and supernatural ideas.
- Music told stories
- Sudden change in dynamics
- More tempo changes
- More colourful chords - make the harmonies more interesting
- Music players could use to show off. VIRTUOSO
- Bigger orchestras - extra woodwind and percussion
- Larger range of texture, timbre and dynamics.
- Lot of piano music.
Chopin - Raindrops Prelude. Mendelssohn - Fingle's Cave. Tchaikowsky - Swan Lake.
Dates: 1750 - 1800
- Classical Orchestras mostly used string instruments
- Clear, simple structure.
- Blanced - 2 or 4 bar phrases
- Uses both major and minor keys
- Has an easy beat to follow
- Tempo stays constant
- One tune and accompanying chords.
- Clarinets were invented in the classical period.
- Composures wrote music for royalty and aristocrats, ie offical events, church services and entertainment. Music had to be approved by their employers.
Haydn - Clock Symphony. Mozart - Symphony No. 40