Monarchs and Parliaments 1603-1629

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  • Created on: 24-11-15 18:01
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Monarchs and Parliaments, 16031629
James I's view on monarchy:
Viewed the monarch as the `father' of the subjects subjects are like the `children'
Children must behave obediently, respectfully and cannot rise up and disrespect the
Monarch is the head of the `body'
Powers of the Monarch:
Top of the hierarchy
Head of the political nation
Foreign diplomacy, head of state
Powers to declare war
Right to call/dissolve parliament
Power over religion head of the Church
Limitations to the power of the monarch:
Limits of the monarch's income prevented them from being completely absolutist
Funds had to be raised through parliamentary subsidies
Monarch needed the political nation in order to help control the general population
The Doctrine:
Catholic church had 7 sacraments as well as the transubstantiation performed by the
Salvation is achieved through faith, good works, prayer and the cycle of confession ­
penance ­ absolution
Mass is a highly theatrical reenactment of Christ's sacrifice
Protestant church only contains 2 sacraments
The Church of England:
Protestant Catholic
Ministers are preachers (cannot perform Priests work the miracle of the mass
Ministers may marry Priests must remain celibate
Bible is English to prevent fraud Latin Bible
Simple: Services, Church, the order in 7 sacraments
which the minister is dressed.
Catholic rituals are banned Priests wear elaborate vestments
Two Sacraments Bowing at the name of Jesus, making the
sign of the cross
Predestination Intercession between communion (living
can help the dead)
Salvation can be achieved through faith Salvation is achieved through prayer, faith,
good works etc.
No veneration of saints/holy relics Veneration of saints & holy relics
Minister faces congregation Bread and wine are physically transformed
into the body & blood of Christ.

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Bread and wine are not physically
James I:
King of England 1603 on the death of Elizabeth I
Already had been king of Scotland (James VI) since 1567
Court exhibits aspects of his personality
Open and lively place
He was noted for his open & physical interaction with courtiers
Court was criticised as drunken, immoral and debauched
Charles I:
Very different ruler from his father
Referred as his mirror opposite
Cold, formal figure
Required unquestioning obedience
Both believed in the divine…read more

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