James and Charles: Religion 1603-1629

HideShow resource information

Problems in 1603

PROBLEMS:

  • James comes from Protestant Presbyterian Scotland.
  • His mother was Catholic.
  • Owned 3 kingdoms with 3 different religions.
  • He's flexible.
  • Belived in Divine right/Royal absolutism.
  • Catholics and Puritans were happy as they thought he'd favour them.
  • At war with Spain.
  • Parliament hated Catholics and were seen as traitors.
  • James like Hierarchy and Ritual so he liked Catholicism.

1603, MILLINERY PETITION:

  • Presented to James by Puritans.
  • 1000 Church ministers signed it.
  • Better education for ministers.
  • No more multi parishes.
1 of 6

How did he want to resolve Puritan and Catholic co

JAMES' CHARACTER

  • Rex Pacifus.
  • Blessed are the peacemakers.
  • Flexible.
  • Wanted to find a middle way between Catholics and Purtians (Anglicanism).
  • Broad Church.
  • Wanted Hierarchy.

1604 HAMPTON COURTS CONFERENCE

  • Wanted to win moderate Puritans.
  • Didn't want Presbyterian democracy.
  • Said "No Bishop, No King".
  • Better agreements with Puritans.
  • If they didn't listen he'd harry them out of the Kingdom.
  • Allowed Puritans to preach, better pay of ministers and then translated the Bible.
  • Bancroft enforced rules in Anglican Prayer Book.
  • In return Puritans accepted King's authority.
2 of 6

Bancroft's Canons and Catholic Controversy.

BANCROFTS CANONS:

  • Appointed as Archbishop of Cantenbruy in 1604.
  • Anti-Puritan.
  • His Canon's were an oath of loyalty.
  • 90 Presbyterians rejected this and left the Church.

RECUSANCY FINES:

  • Fines for Catholics that didn't attend Anglican services.
  • 1604, James stopped this then reimposed it, good source of income.
  • Guy Fawkes and Evrard Digby unhappy.

1605 GUNPOWDER PLOT:

  • Attempt to blow up authority.
  • Resulted in Parliament getting James to be tough on Catholics.
  • 1606 ' Act for better discovery and repressing Popish Recusants'.
  • Catholics banned from London, public office, swore an oath and better Protestant education.
3 of 6

Religious peace for Catholics and Puritans, policy

  • He had a broad Church.
  • Many Catholics and Puritans were left undisturbed.
  • Regional differences.
  • Catholic north was decorated, had ritual.
  • Protestant south was opposite and had preachers.
  • Catholic Howards were popular at court.
  • James stopped war with Spain.
  • James Joined Protestant Union in 1613.
  • Wanted a Protestant match for daughter Elizabeth and Catholic match for Charles.

1611-33, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTENBURY ABBOTT:

  • Was sympathetic to Puritans.
  • Was reason for successful tact religious policies throughout this time.
4 of 6

Religious instability for Catholics and Puritans.

1618, BOOK OF SPORTS:

  • An attempt to solve fighting between Catholic and Puritan gentry.
  • Sports and activies were listed for Sunday
  • Puritans weren't happy and felt alienated.

1618, 30 YEAR WAR:

  • War between Protestant and Catholics.
  • Puritans thought Catholics were winning.
  • Wanted James to fight against Catholic countries.

1625:

  • James died, Arminian Charles took over.
  • Arminianism was rising.
  • Pre-destination was criticised.
  • Charles was going to reform the Church again
5 of 6

Charles, Religion and Parliament.

WHY DID CHARLES LIKE ARMINIANS?

  • Had order and ritual.
  • Obtained hierarchy, divine right.
  • Backed him up with Forced Loans.
  • He promoted Arminians as favourates.
  • William Laud and Richard Niele were popular examples.
  • Everytime Charles called Parliament, Laud gave a sermon.
  • Puritans more alienated.
  • Wife was Catholic.
  • Laud was Bishop of London in 1628.

HOW IT EFFECTED RELATIONS WITH PARLIAMENT:

  • Didn't want the Church reforming again.
  • Charles wore ritual gear.
  • He was influenced by Buckingham and wife.
  • Was going to restore Catholicism and Absolutism.
6 of 6

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all British monarchy - Tudors and Stuarts resources »