Problems in 1603
- James comes from Protestant Presbyterian Scotland.
- His mother was Catholic.
- Owned 3 kingdoms with 3 different religions.
- He's flexible.
- Belived in Divine right/Royal absolutism.
- Catholics and Puritans were happy as they thought he'd favour them.
- At war with Spain.
- Parliament hated Catholics and were seen as traitors.
- James like Hierarchy and Ritual so he liked Catholicism.
1603, MILLINERY PETITION:
- Presented to James by Puritans.
- 1000 Church ministers signed it.
- Better education for ministers.
- No more multi parishes.
How did he want to resolve Puritan and Catholic co
- Rex Pacifus.
- Blessed are the peacemakers.
- Wanted to find a middle way between Catholics and Purtians (Anglicanism).
- Broad Church.
- Wanted Hierarchy.
1604 HAMPTON COURTS CONFERENCE
- Wanted to win moderate Puritans.
- Didn't want Presbyterian democracy.
- Said "No Bishop, No King".
- Better agreements with Puritans.
- If they didn't listen he'd harry them out of the Kingdom.
- Allowed Puritans to preach, better pay of ministers and then translated the Bible.
- Bancroft enforced rules in Anglican Prayer Book.
- In return Puritans accepted King's authority.
Bancroft's Canons and Catholic Controversy.
- Appointed as Archbishop of Cantenbruy in 1604.
- His Canon's were an oath of loyalty.
- 90 Presbyterians rejected this and left the Church.
- Fines for Catholics that didn't attend Anglican services.
- 1604, James stopped this then reimposed it, good source of income.
- Guy Fawkes and Evrard Digby unhappy.
1605 GUNPOWDER PLOT:
- Attempt to blow up authority.
- Resulted in Parliament getting James to be tough on Catholics.
- 1606 ' Act for better discovery and repressing Popish Recusants'.
- Catholics banned from London, public office, swore an oath and better Protestant education.
Religious peace for Catholics and Puritans, policy
- He had a broad Church.
- Many Catholics and Puritans were left undisturbed.
- Regional differences.
- Catholic north was decorated, had ritual.
- Protestant south was opposite and had preachers.
- Catholic Howards were popular at court.
- James stopped war with Spain.
- James Joined Protestant Union in 1613.
- Wanted a Protestant match for daughter Elizabeth and Catholic match for Charles.
1611-33, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTENBURY ABBOTT:
- Was sympathetic to Puritans.
- Was reason for successful tact religious policies throughout this time.
Religious instability for Catholics and Puritans.
1618, BOOK OF SPORTS:
- An attempt to solve fighting between Catholic and Puritan gentry.
- Sports and activies were listed for Sunday
- Puritans weren't happy and felt alienated.
1618, 30 YEAR WAR:
- War between Protestant and Catholics.
- Puritans thought Catholics were winning.
- Wanted James to fight against Catholic countries.
- James died, Arminian Charles took over.
- Arminianism was rising.
- Pre-destination was criticised.
- Charles was going to reform the Church again
Charles, Religion and Parliament.
WHY DID CHARLES LIKE ARMINIANS?
- Had order and ritual.
- Obtained hierarchy, divine right.
- Backed him up with Forced Loans.
- He promoted Arminians as favourates.
- William Laud and Richard Niele were popular examples.
- Everytime Charles called Parliament, Laud gave a sermon.
- Puritans more alienated.
- Wife was Catholic.
- Laud was Bishop of London in 1628.
HOW IT EFFECTED RELATIONS WITH PARLIAMENT:
- Didn't want the Church reforming again.
- Charles wore ritual gear.
- He was influenced by Buckingham and wife.
- Was going to restore Catholicism and Absolutism.