Medicine through time in-depth timeline

Please do let me know asap if there are any mistakes. Hope this helps, and good luck!

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ROMAN BRITAIN TO 1350

450 BC GREEK HIPPOCRATES ­ Theory of 4 Humors

160 AD ROMAN GALEN- Theory of Opposites

MIDDLE AGES 1350-1500

1348 THE BLACK DEATH
Gods punishment
Plants
Plots- witches/Jews

Prayer
Burning herbs
Isolation
Cleaning
Charms

RENAISSANCE 1500-1750 (ROMAN AND GREEK IDEAS REDISCOVERED)

*REFORMATION CHURCH SPLIT- LOST POWER*…

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DISECTION:
More common
Questions old ideas
Vinci/Vesalius detailed drawings (instead of Galen's instructions- from
pigs)

1628 WILLIAM HARVEY `ON THE MOTION OF THE HEART AND BLOOD IN
ANMIALS'
Blood circulates- pump
Identified difference between veins/arteries
Comparative studies on animals and humans
Live dissections

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*Proved WHY Galen was wrong*

Thomas Sydenham- English Hippocrates- stressed close observation of patients
and symptoms- new disease Scarlet fever

SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION 1650-1750

1660 SCIENCE BECOMESE POPULAR- ROYAL SOCEITY OF LONDON
ENCOURAGES
Exchanged ideas
Encourages observation
Accurate recording

1665 PLAUGE RETURNED
Still used same treatments as in 1350s

1676 SYDENHAM…

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IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENTS/ADVANCES IN EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURY

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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1750-1900
Rapid expansion ­ factories attracted workers from rural areas ­ new
methods limited jobs
Working and living conditions:
Long hours
Airless
Dangerous
Crowded/cramp/damp
Several families to a house
Sewers- rivers- drinking water

DIPHTHERIA/SMALLPOX/TB = KILLERS/SPREAD BY TOUCH/EASILY

SMALLPOX- KILLER (some survived if had mildly first time) CHINA-…

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Allowed taking bodies ­ died in workhouse (not claimed)
Slowed down grave robbery ­ dissection more available)
1832 CHOLERA

CHOLERA/TYPHOID= KILLER/EPIDEMICS/SPREAD B SEWAGE/EASILY

Cures for cholera= prayer, cleaning house, whitewashing walls with lime,
burning, charms

1842 CHADWICK'S PUBLIC HEALTH REPORT `DISEASE IS THE REASON FOR
POVERTY'
Campaigned for improved living…

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1866 SANITARY ACT
Following cholera outbreak - inspectors

1867 REFORM ACT GAVE WORKING CLASS MEN VOTE

1871 JOSEPH LISTER USED PENICILLIN TO FIGHT INFECTION IN PATIENT

1872 ANDERSON SET UP NEW HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN

1874 ANDERSON SET UP LONDON SCHOOL OF MEDCINE FOR WOMEN

1875 ARTISANS' DWELLINGS ACT
Towns right…

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1895 RONTGEN DISCOVERED X RAYS

1898 MARIE/PIERRE CURIE DISCOVERED RADIUM

1901 BLOOD GROUPS

1906 SCHAUDINN AND HOFFMAN SYPHILIS MICROBE

1909 EHRLICH FIRST MAGIC BULLET

1919 MINISTRY OF HEALTH

1922 FLEMMING DISCOVERED LYSOZYME (found in tears)
Killed germs but not causing disease and infection

1928 STAPHYLOCOCCI (germs that made wounds septic)…

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Tried to produce pure penicillin ­ small amount produced ­ freeze
drying ­ tested on mice - couldn't mass manufacture

1939 WAR BROKE OUT
Men die infections rather than wounds
Florey pointed out to British gov ­ too involved making explosive
Approached US ­ unsuccessful

1941 PENICILLIN SUCCESSFULLY TESTED ON…

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WOMEN AND MEDICINE

BEFORE 1500- few trained doctors, rely on family/healers ­ women

Role pre 1500
Worked in all areas
Egypt ­ wall paintings ­ assisting at birth
Egyptian doctors train daughters (if had no sons)
Greece- allowed to practice as doctors ­ linked to Asclepios god of
healing (Hygenia…

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