LEDC Earthquake Case Study: Kashmir

For Edexcel Geography A

HideShow resource information
Preview of LEDC Earthquake Case Study: Kashmir

First 328 words of the document:

LEDC Earthquake Case Study: Kashmir, 2005
Fact file
Date: 8.40 am on 8 October 2005
Richter: 7.6
Focus: 26km
Length of Quake: 60 seconds
Aftershocks: up to 6 on the Richter Scale, lasted for 2 days
Immediate Deaths: 79,000
Homes Destroyed: 3.3 million
Kashmir is located on the border of Pakistan and India, in a mountainous area (part of the Himalayas)
Kashmir lies on a collision zone ­ the Indian plate is crushing the Eurasian plate (both continental) so it is at a destructive plate
Why people live here
People earn a living by farming on fertile soils, by tourism and by trade
They continue to live here even though there is a risk of earthquakes because people here do not have a lot of money to leave and
support themselves in other countries
Land here is quite cheap to live on, and there are many jobs available around the area
Primary Effects
Collapsed buildings
Shattered windows
Cracked roads and ground
Toppled bridges
100,000 people injured
Over 79,000 deaths
3.3 million homes destroyed
Children buried under collapsed schools
Broken gas pipes and sewerage pipes
Damaged electricity lines
Secondary Effects
Fires caused by burst gas pipes
Spread of disease caused by dead bodies that aren't buried
Contaminated water supplies
Diarrhoea and respiratory infections, e.g. pneumonia
Death from colds because people only had tents to live in
High costs to pay for supplies ($500,000 a day)
Long-term Effects
Farmers could continue their jobs because crops and animals mostly survived in rural areas, but people lost their jobs in urban areas
because offices and shops were damaged
Electricity lines were brought down so reconstruction was made harder
Schools were damaged and students lost their books (delay in education)
Overall cost of damage was over $5 billion

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Responses from India and Pakistan
Indian Red Cross distributed 21,500 blankets, 300 kitchen sets, and medical supplies
The army and emergency services arrived to help dig people out
Military helicopters took the injured to first aid centres on flatter ground
The India-Pakistan border was opened to allow food and emergency supplies to cross
Tents were given out from charities like Muslim Aid and the Pakistan and Indian armies
Long-term Responses
Kashmir Earthquake relief's long-term mission is to help rebuild communities and empower people in Kashmir…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »