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Cost of war
Britain France
Military losses: 761,213 Military losses: 1,358,000
Civilian losses: under 1000 Civilian losses: Very high
Collateral Damage: Little Collateral Damage: Much
damage. £1bn debt to USA fighting on French soil.
Caused trouble with empire Destruction of industry,
agriculture and domestic
USA Germany
Military losses: 114,095 Military losses: 2,000,000
Civilian losses: 0 Civilian losses: 812,296
Collateral Damage: Minimal Collateral Damage: Little
fighting on German soil. But
widespread starvation because
of long blockade.…read more

Slide 2

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What the "big three" wanted?
Britain France
Lloyd George (Prime Minister) Clemenceau (President)
· Needs to punish Germany as · Want to punish Germany
the public want it harshly in order to:
· Don't want to punish Germany ensure French security by
too harshly because they making Germany weak and
wanted to trade with her this unable to attack
morning get compensation from
· Wants peace so that they can Germany in order to rebuild the
trade after with other countries. damage done in WW1
· Wants to make the British
Empire stronger so wanted
some of Germany's colonies.
USA ­ Wilson (President)
· Wants a fair peace treaty ­ doesn't want Germany punished too
harshly, thinks that it will make Germany want revenge.
·14 Points ­ set out his ideas, e.g. LEAGUE OF NATIONS and SELF
DETERMINATION (the right of national groups to rule themselves)…read more

Slide 3

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The Peace Treaties
Treaty of St Germain Treaty of Neuilly
1919, Austria 1919, Bulgaria
Main terms: Main terms:
· Reparations (but · Reparations: £100m
never paid due to · Military restrictions:
collapse of economy) (20,000 men)
· Military restrictions
(30,000 men)…read more

Slide 4

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Treaty of Trianon Treaty of Sevres / Lausanne
1920, Hungary 1920 / 1923, Turkey
Main terms:
Main terms: T of Sevres:
· Reparations (never paid · Ottoman Empire was
due to economic broken up
collapse). · Occupation by foreign
· Military restrictions troops
(35,000) · Military restrictions
· Turks were so outraged
at the treaty they
overthrew the Sultan's
government. A new
treaty was drawn up
Treaty of Lausanne
· Regained some land.
· Foreign troops left Turkey
· Armed forces no longer
limited…read more

Slide 5

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Treaty of Versailles, 1919
Remember GARGLe
Guilt for war: Had to accept blame for starting the war
Armed forces: Limited to 100,000 men, no airforce, no
submarines or armoured vehicles, no conscription
Reparations:Had to pay for damage done in war. Figure
decided upon in 1921 (6bn marks)
German Territories: Lost overseas colonies to Britain and
France, lost Saar & Alsace Lorraine, West Prussia and
Upper Silesia went to Poland (to create the "Polish
Corridor" to the sea), Danzig became a free city
controlled by the L of N
League of Nations: Set up as international police force;
Germany not allowed to join…read more

Slide 6

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Reactions to T of V
Britain France
Most public supported the treaty. Wanted treaty to be harsher, but
Some, incl. Lloyd George were was welcomed with enthusiasm by
concerned that it was too harsh and French public. Germany no longer
would lead Germany to want a threat
USA Germany
Concerned about harshness, Hated it ­ lost 10% of land, 12.5% of
thought that one day Germany population
would want revenge Humiliating; limits on army
Diktat ­ had no say so called it a
dictated peace
Unfair ­ didn't start war on their
own, also govt. signing treaty was
different to the govt. in the war so
the treaty was punishing the wrong
people.…read more

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Miss E


This powerpoint deals with much more than just the League of Nations, it covers the entire 1919-1939 period and looks at the Treaties, the League and the causes of WWII. It is very well laid out for revision. A must if you are studying these years.

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