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The League was an attempt to create an international organisation that would be able to prevent future
It adopted the principle of `Collective Security', article 10
Members protecting/defending each other's land

To discourage aggression ­ preventing wars by collective security.
To encourage disarmament ­ therefore countries…

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· Social/cultural
­ Some Americans were German immigrants
­ Anti-British/French (who were in control of the League)
­ Believed in freedom, not colonies and empire
· Economical
­ Expensive
­ They had become powerful by isolation
­ Didn't want to sort out European affairs `regardless of the cost'
· Military…

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Dealt with dangerous diseases.
Educated people on health and sanitation.

The Health Committee
A relatively successful part of the League it:
It researched into health related issues such as malaria, yellow fever and leprosy in a bid
to end them,
Tried to exterminate mosquitos to help…

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Sweden & Finland
- Both wanted Aaland Islands
- Midway between the two countries.
- Finland traditionally owned the Aarland Islands but most of the inhabitants were Swedish.
- Both countries were threatening to fight for them.
- League said the islands should go to Finland.
- Sweden accepted the…

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The Geneva Protocol, 1924

Corfu ­ proved League could be undermined by its own members.
1924 ­ Geneva Protocol drawn up by GB and France ­ countries would have to appeal to the League to sort
out disputes and follow the decision.
BUT new parliament in GB­ didn't want to…

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Disarmament Conference, 1932:

1920s: Disarmament unsuccessful.
Germany had disarmed, but no other countries had done so to the same effect.
At the Washington Conference in 1921, the USA, Japan, GB and FR agreed to limit their navies but that
is as far as they got.

Feb 1932: Germany put on…

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Japan blamed China, and invaded.
Japan say they aren't an aggressor ­ settling local difficulty ­ claim China were in a state of anarchy
and they were just controlling them ­ self-defence.
4. China appealed to the League. Japan was a leading member of the League (and was claiming that…

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October 1935-May 1936:
8. 3rd October: Mussolini launches a full scale attack on Abyssinia.
9. A committee is set up to decide sanctions by the League. This would only work if the League was quick.
10. They banned arms sales and loans to Italy, and banned the export of rubber,…

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Effects of the Manchurian and Abyssinian Crises.
Became clear that a strong nation could ignore the League.
The League's delays and slowness made it look scared.
Sanctions were shown to be useless.
Realisation that Britain & France were not going to use force.
Four major powers all betrayed the League.…


Lorran payne





Chrs bud... Shame i failed it still but that may be becuase i had too many special brew the night before,....!!

Miss E


An excellent set of notes on the League covering aims, structure, success in the 20s and failures in the 30s. There are some useful diagrams summarising key issues like reasons for failure. Remember to prepare for popular questions like; "Why did the League fail in the 1930s?", "Was Abyssinia more important than Manchuria in the failure of the League?" and "How successful was the League in the 1920s?"



this is great thanks



Amazing notes thxxxxxx

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