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Women in Politics
1918 all women over age 30 could vote and
were allowed to become MPs
1918 17/ 1,1623 candidates were women in
the General Election
1924 Margaret Bondfield became the first
female MP
1928 all women over 21 could vote
This shows that politics was still a male
dominated profession…read more

Slide 3

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Women in Work
It was expected that women gave up their jobs after
the war
Within 18 months 75% of women had given up their war
jobs
Many were happy to do this and return to their traditional
roles they tended to have little faith in themselves
Some were unhappy caused financial difficulties and
they lost financial independence
Women who got married were expected to give up their
job or else they were sacked
Wages for women were significantly lower than men's…read more

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Women and Social Attitudes
WI (Woman's Institute) membership increased
Many girls left school at 14 and less than 1% were
educated beyond 18
Oxford university= small number of women
Cambridge= none until 1948
1918 Marie Stopes promoted birth control via
books but it was condemned
Marriage
Unmarried mums were frowned down upon
1923 they could divorce their husbands for adultery…read more

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Industrial Relations before the FWW
1910- 1914 there were loads of strikes (list is on next
slide)
The workers wanted to have some control in their
industries
1913 the Triple Alliance was formed
Miners, Railway and transport workers
They would fight for each other's rights
Trade Unions
These gave power to a particular group of workers
They all agreed that they should focus on the war first so,
workers did not get labelled as unpatriotic
Unofficial strikes still took place during the war
Union membership doubled during the war…read more

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All to do with the transport industry;
Strikes In Britain they were united and intertwined with
each other and their problems.
All these strikes showed the low points
in relations between the workers,
employers and the government
1910 July- Railway strikes (Newcastle)
1910 September- December- Boilermakers go on strike (Newcastle)
They made boilers particularly for boats and trains
1910 November- Riot occurs during miner's strike so, Churchill
orders Army to intervene no deaths occur (Tonypandy)
1911 August:
11 day strike of 20,000 Dockers (London)
Troops sent to crush striking Dockers' riot leading to 2 deaths
(Liverpool)
Riots occur during National Rail strikes 2 shot dead by troops while
looting shops
1912 May- Government refuse to negotiate with striking Dock
workers and the strike collapsed after a month (llanelli )…read more

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