Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Start of the Cold War
1945
February 4-12: Yalta Conference
May 8: Germany surrenders ­ VE day
July: Potsdam Conference
August 6: Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima
August 8: USSR declare war on Japan
August 9: Atomic Bomb on Nagasaki
August 14: Japan surrenders ­ End of WWII
August 15: Emperor…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
October 1: China becomes Communist
October 12: German Democratic Republic (East)


1950
April 14: NSC-68 finalised in USA
June 25: Korean War begins


1952
November 1: USA develops H-bomb


1953
March 5: Stalin dies ­ Malenkov takes over
July: Korean War ends
December: USSR develops H-bomb


1954
September 8: SEATO…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Key Features &
How it Changed Relationships
Yalta Conference [4-12 Feb 1945]
Key Features
Purpose: plan the end of the war
Agreed that Nazi war criminals would be hunted down and tried in an international court of
justice
Agreed that Communism and Capitalism can coexist ­ USSR would have its…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
How Did it Change Relationships?
Leaders were still cooperating + reaching decisions
BUT ­ increased tensions
o Truman angry ­ Stalin didn't hold free elections ­ seemed like a Communist takeover
in the East
o Stalin angry ­ was unaware of America's atomic bomb ­ now they had a significant…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
How Did it Change Relationships?
Both countries believe the other is preparing for war ­ so increases their own preparation
Faster development of arms
Atmosphere of fear created




Truman Doctrine [5 March 1946]
Key Features
A promise that USA would help any country threatened by Communism
USA would send troops…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
COMINFORM
Key Features
Creation caused by Marshall Plan
Purpose: Coordinate activities of Communist Parties in Europe + controlled by USSR
o Satellite States
o Stalin extending his control to prevent USA gaining influence
Enforced Russian-style Communism
o Encouraged introduction of collectivisation + command economy
Ensure loyalty of Eastern European govt.…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Marshall Aid
Key Features
Committed $13bill to rebuild shattered economies in EU
o Aid came as goods, machinery, fertilisers
Seventeen nations received $13,750,000,000
o Recovered more quickly than Eastern EU countries
o Propaganda usage ­ capitalist better than communist
Italy received $600 million (ally of Germany)
o Stalin resented USA…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
o Even brought in coal
o Peaked in 16th-17th April ­ 1,400 planes carried 13,000 tonnes in 24hrs
Stalin called off blockade on 12th May 1949
o Wasn't working
o A plane landed in West Berlin every 90 seconds



How Did it Change Relationships?
Propaganda success for USA but failure…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
NATO
Key Features
Established in 1949 ­ caused by talks opened by Ernest Bevin on 6th July 1948
o Bevin feared a war with USSR
o Opened talks about a transatlantic defence treaty
USA felt threatened by USSR military power in EU so countered it with NATO
o Allowed USA…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Austrian State Treaty
Key Features
In May 1955, Khrushchev signed the Austrian State Treaty
o Ended occupation of Red Army
o Austria was now an independent sovereign state



How Did it Change Relationships?
Showed USA, that Khrushchev wasn't trying to take over ­ more peaceful than Stalin
o Reduced tensions…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »