JFK And LBJ - History Ella

JFK's New Frontier and LBJ's Great Society - table on reforms, limitations and context - GCSE History Edexcel, Unit - USA A Divided Union?

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  • Created on: 24-10-07 12:59
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USA A
D i
vi
ded
U ni
on?
Kennedy
and
Johnson'
s Ref
orms
­ what
wer
e t
her
e ai
ms
and
how f
ar
w er
e t
hey
achi
eved?
"We st
and
at
the
edge
of
a New Fr
ont
ier
...
a f
ront
ier
of
unf
ulf
il
l
e d
hopes
and
dreams"
In order to move US society forward after the economy boom of the 1950's America was terrified of returning
to the Great Depression JFK was keen for the US to continue to prosper
Economy
Soci
al
Ci
vi
l
R i
ght
s
Ref
orms
Cut income tax (consumerism Increased minimum wage to Refused to fund segregated
boost the economy) $1.25 schools and the Washington
Redskins football team
Increased spending on defence Social Security Act (payments Introduced Civil Right's Bill
for the elderly and unemployed)
Increased spending on space Manpower development and Appointed Thurgood Marshall as
technology training Act (retrained first black US Circuit Judge
unemployed) made $900
million available to create new
jobs
Gave Grants to invest in hitech Housing Act (local authorities Defended Freedom Riders
equipment and train their workers cleared slums, loans to improve
housing
Sent troops to protect and ensure
James Meredith could study at
the University of Mississippi
But
...
Critics said boom was too dependant on Government spending
Medicare (system of state health insurance) was thrown out of congress
Slum clearance created housing shortages
Poorest people could not afford housing loans
Kennedy's limitations
Limited by losing the support of the racist Southern Congressman and even his own party, the Southern
Democrats. As JFK hoped to be reelected he needed their support and so could not force through Civil
Right's measures
First Catholic President which caused suspicion in more traditional Protestant politicians

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USA A
D i
vi
ded
U ni
on?
Kennedy
and
Johnson'
s Ref
orms
­ what
wer
e t
her
e ai
ms
and
how f
ar
w er
e t
hey
achi
eved?
Older members of congress, including LBJ, didn't trust JFK because they saw him as inexperienced and
disliked his new policies and `Brains Trust' (group of the best young people as his advisors)
Some were concerned about Kennedy's spending plans and still didn't like the idea of a federal
government, preferring…read more

Page 3

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Here's a taster:

USA A
D i
vi
ded
U ni
on?
Kennedy
and
Johnson'
s Ref
orms
­ what
wer
e t
her
e ai
ms
and
how f
ar
w er
e t
hey
achi
eved?
*This demeaned the Great Society's initial plans to remove poverty from American cities and as it affected all of
American society, not just a particular group Johnson's popularity deteriorated.…read more

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