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Page 1

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Mutilated victory
Thought they deserved more from PPC due to war efforts

Treaty of London ­ secret
Demands `excessive'
= Contradicted
St Germain Treaty ­ 14 points
Open diplomacy
Autonomy Austria-Hungary
Borders amended on nationalist lines

Demands Result
Port of flume ­ nationalist demand ­ not Wilson: `infringed self-determination'
in…

Page 2

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Political
War & democracy
Salandra ­ ruled by decree
o Eroded Parliament power
Rarely allowed Parliament to meet
= Minimise public criticism
Military leaders powerful ­ gov prioritised their requirements
Confidence lost in democracy
o Parliament `failed to stop war'
Splits over enter or neutral and constitute or stop
PPC…

Page 3

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`undersecretariat of Arms and Munitions'
i.e. cheap loans, payment in advance and lucrative contracts
= New business
Fiat
Montecatini
Breda


Consequences
Weakened democracy
Economy controlled by old technocrats and military
o Not account to people or gov
Business not controlled
o Wages low
o Prices high
= People though gov…

Page 4

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Poor reaction
Land hunger
= Starting seizing land 1918

War economy prioritised military produce over food
= food shortages
New workers laws = long hours
Workers tried in military courts
Denounced business for profiting from war
gov indirect taxation
= Angered poor + socialists e.g. 1919 1m strike


Soldiers
Achieved…

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