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The Scramble for Africa and the
Berlin Conference
What was the Scramble for Africa?

The Scramble for Africa was the colonisation and annexation of African territory


by European powers that took part during the end of the 19th century. In 1871,
only 10% of Europe was under European control, however,…

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7. A sense of duty and superiority (white man's burden + Darwinism): Europeans were
convinced of their racial and cultural superiority and believed it was their
responsibility to civilise the "uncivilised" African people by introducing Christianity,
order and stability. As Africa was less developed than Europeans, they believed it was…

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Effects of the Scramble for Africa:

Positives Negatives
Developed states with efficient Africans were seen as inferior and experienced
systems of administration, racial inequality
government and democracy Europeans exploited Africa for their own
Provided education for natives development, halting African progress
Provided health care and hospitals African culture undermined with…

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The Fashoda incident occurred in 1898 when France and Britain crossed paths in Sudan.
France was expanding east, while Britain was expanding southwards towards Cape Colony
to establish trade links, when these two crossed paths in Fashoda, Sudan. Disputes arose
from the common desire to annex the land and war…

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