Humanities-Prejudice and Persecution

Humanities-Prejudice and Persecution

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  • Created on: 25-05-11 14:18
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Prejudice and
Key ideas What you need to know
1.1 Key idea 1.1 explores experiences of prejudice and persecution. The stu
must include examples from the UK today:
Key idea 1.1
You must know what the terms prejudice, discrimination and persecu
Is an attitude about a person or group that is formed without having all
is prejudging someone.
It usually involves disliking someone because of their gender, sexuality
religion rather than because of their personality.
Prejudiced attitudes are learned. We are not born with them. We de
through socialisation
For examplechildren in Nazi Germany were taught to hate the Jews
Prejudice often influences our behaviour and leads to discriminati
Discrimination is treating someone differently, usually less
because they belong to a particular group.
It is not just individuals who can be prejudiced. Institutions can dis
discrimination e.g education, police force.
Governments can also be prejudiced against certain groups so
are treated unequally in law e.g women and the right to vote.
Persecution is the harassment of an individual or group, It can take differ
forms, such as:
Ostracism-for example not inviting a child to a party when the rest of
class has been invited
Violence-in 2003 in the UK, 20, 000 people were physically attacked, 40,
had property damaged and 230,000 were racially abused
Murder-Stephen Lawrence, a black teenager, was stabbed to death b
gang of white youths while waiting at a bus stop in London in 1993
Ghettoisation-people of one religious or cultural group living in one a
apart from the rest of society. German Jews were transported to Ghettos
Genocide-between April and June 1994, an estimated 800, 000 Tutsi
Rwanda were massacred by the ruling Hutus in the space of 100 days.
Key idea 1.1 you must know
The role of individual and group attitudes in the formation
stereotyping, prejudices and scapegoating.
Stereotyping is one way of expressing prejudice.

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It means labelling a group of people with the same characteristic
in all people in the group were exactly the same
Stereotyping can take different forms for example:
National stereotyping: all Scotsmen are mean
Sexist stereotyping: all blonde women are bimbos
Ageist stereotyping-all old people are grumpy
How stereotyping can lead to scapegoating
Scapegoating is where a group are blamed for something becaus
the stereotype attached to them.
Pressures in society such as unemployment, inflation, depression
defeat in war can lead to a group.…read more

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Examples of institutional discrimination-racist, sexist language or
stereotyping might be part of the accepted culture of an institution (e.g.
police, education, employment)
Systematic discrimination, violence and intolerance against group
including genocide:
You need to know examples of how prejudice can lead to discrimination,
violence and intolerance against groups that exist in society.
Revision notes
You will need to use your knowledge of the HOLOCAUST case study for
questions relating to genocide.…read more

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· Local action e.g. constitutional rights, the role of law;
Local government introducing policies such as providing school m
that take into account everyone s dietary needs
Employers introducing positive employment policies-for example
have decided on a positive policy of employing people over 50. Su
policies are lawful.…read more

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Examples of the different ways in which individuals, groups and
governments can reduce prejudice
Prejudice and Persecution: Sample examination question
Prejudice and Persecution is an option topic and therefore in Paper 2.
Sample questions : 1 or 2 mark recall questions
These are straightforward recall questions, asking for a short definition
Answer in one word, or one sentence
Sample exam question
Name one form of prejudice (1 mark)
Sample exam answer
Racism (others could be sexism, ageism etc...…read more

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Make sure you give two different ideas not just two versions of the sam
Sample exam question
Give two reasons why people are prejudiced (4 marks)
Sample exam answer
Prejudice can be based on ignorance or fear of outsiders. So if people fea
immigrants will take their jobs they might say that they are lazy or disho
Prejudices are often learnt, so prejudice can be the result of learning and co
attitudes from relatives or a peer group.…read more

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But it is hard to change people's attitudes and beliefs, so the governmen
passed laws which target discrimination. Examples of such laws are the Equ
and Sex Discrimination Act, and the Race Relations Act. Because of these, p
know that racist/sexist/ageist behaviour can be punished, so even throug
might not change their views, but they will not behave in a racist/sexist/ageis
openly.…read more

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Genocide Wiping out a group completely, by deliberate killing or removing vital resource
water and medical care) so it cannot survive.
Colonisation Where one country takes control of the governments, economies and legal
systems of other territories/countries in the world in order to extend its power
Inferior Less good than others
Institutional Discrimination within an organisation, for example the police force
Intolerance Not accepting or respecting different opinions, behaviour or people.
Nationalism The belief that your country and culture are superior to others.…read more

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