Humanities Unit 2: Prejudice & Persection Key Words

The key words in the topic of Prejudice and Persecution in AQA Humanities.

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  • Created by: char
  • Created on: 08-04-11 17:30

Apartheid

 

 

 

The policy of the South African government from 1948 to 1990, which said that different racial groups should live seperately; and have their own services and facilities (such as housing, education, health care, transport and leisure facilities).

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Discrimination

 

 

 

Treating an individual or group differently from the rest of the group or population. An example of discrimination is a particular ethnic group being stopped and searched by the police much more often than other groups.

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Economic Conditions

 

 

 

The national wealth and material success of a society or country. This can refer to levels of employment, average wages, access to resources and level of international trade.

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Fundamentalist

 

 

 

A word describing religious beliefs which treat the words of the sacred texts (for example, the Bible and the Qur'an) as being literally true.

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Genocide

 

 

 

 

Wiping out a group completely, by deliberate killing or removing vital resources (food, water and medical care) so it cannot survive.

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Colonisation

 

 

 

Where one country takes control of the governments, economics and legal systems of other territories/countries in the world in order to extend its own power.

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Inferior

 

 

 

Less good than others.

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Institutional Racism

 

 

 

Racial discrimination which takes place unconsciously, in state and commercial organisations (for example, education system, police forces, work places), as a result of widely held stereotypes among their members.

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Intolerance

 

 

 

Not accepting or respecting different opinions, behaviour or people.

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Nationalism

 

 

 

The belief that your country and culture are superior to others. This belief can lead to the idea that other cultures and ethnic groups are inferior and should be kept apart.

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Persecution

 

 

 

Victimising and mistreating a group or individual persistently over time. It can take many forms: verbal abuse, physical abuse, denial of rights, exclusion from certain places, torture, death and genocide.

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Political Ideology

 

 

 

A set of beliefs and values held by a political party. For example, the Nazi Party believed that the Germans were the Aryan race which was superior to all other races in the world. Therefore they believed that the German people should dominate the world.

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Prejudice

 

 

 

An attitude or opinion about an individual or a group which is formed without having all the facts. Prejudice means to pre-judge someone. A prejudice is usually negative (though it can be positive, for instance, believing that all celebrities are people to be admired). Prejudices often influence the way people behave towards other people.

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Racism

 

 

 

Prejudice based on the myth that race is the main factor determining human personalities and abilities. Racism includes the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another.

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Scapegoating

 

 

 

The blaming of an individual or a group for some problem which has nothing to do with them. A scapegoat is an individual or group who is wrongly blamed for something.

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Segregation

 

 

 

Organising a community so that certain groups are separated. They live, work, go to school, shop and eat in separate places, and the intention is that the group do not meet on a social level.

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Stereotype

 

 

 

A simple generalised belief about a type of person or a group of people which does not take into account individual differences.

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Stereotyping

 

 

 

Believing that everyone in a particular social or cultural group is the same, and has the same attitudes, ablities and characteristics.

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Superior

 

 

 

 

Better than others.

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Systematic Discrimination

 

 

 

Discrimination that is the result of deliberate intention, for example, to undermine, attack or even destroy a specific group.

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Systematic Persecution

 

 

 

The deliberate and organised harassment and murder of people.

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Violence

 

 

 

An act of aggression which is intended to cause pain.

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Campaign

 

 

 

A series of co-ordinated actions which work towards particular objectives.

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Tribalism

 

 

 

The existence of people who share a story or group identity.

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Imperialism

 

 

 

 

The act of creating an empire by invading other countries.

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Propaganda

 

 

 

 

Information which is used to influence others’ opinions. It may ‘bend’ the facts or not tell the whole story.

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Comments

Ellie

THANK YOU, the exams really soon and I have idea how to revise this because there's so much. These are really helpful :)

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