Govt. And Politics Unit 1 Revision Recent Examples For Essays

Government and Politics Unit 1 Revision, examples to use in essay questions along with part B questions.

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GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS UNIT 1 REVISION.
IMPORTANT FIGURES:
2010 GENERAL ELECTION:
Turnouts:
UK = 65.1%
England = 65.5%
Wales = 64.7%
Scotland = 63.8%
Northern Ireland = 57.6%
Political Party Results (2010):
Party Percentage Vote Percentage Seats No. Of Seats
Conservative Party 36.1% 47.1% 306
Labour Party 29.0% 39.7% 258
Liberal-Democrat 23.0% 8.8% 57
Party
The results above show how even though the percentage vote between Labour and Lib Dem
was very close (at just 6% difference), labour still won a lot more seats than the Lib Dems- FPTP
is unfair.
MAJORITY REQUIRED IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS = 326 SEATS.
Results for Other Parties (2010):
UKIP ­ 919,471 votes (3.1%). No seats.
BNP ­ 564,321 votes (1.9%). No seats.
Green ­ 265,243 votes (0.9). 1 seat.
The figure above between the 3 minor parties shows how FPTP makes competition between
small parties unfair too. The Green Party gained fewer votes than UKIP and BNP yet retained
more seats than both.
NB: THE FIGURES ABOVE MAY HAVE CHANGED DUE TO BI-ELECTIONS HELD AFTER GENERAL
ELECTION.
THE DEVOLVED ASSEMBLIES:
The Scottish Assembly (AMS system) 2011 Election Results:
Party Constituency Votes: Regional Votes: Total Seats
SNP 45.39% (53 Seats) 44.04% (16 Seats) 53.49% (69 Seats)
Labour 31.69% (15 Seats) 26.31% (22 Seats) 28.68% (37 Seats)
Conservative 13.91% (3 Seats) 12.36% (12 Seats) 11.63% (15 Seats)

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Liberal Democrats 7.93% (2 Seats) 5.20% (3 Seats) 3.88% (5 Seats)
The figures above show how more proportional votes are to seats in the Scottish Assembly
under AMS. However, in 2011- SNP gained a majority. This is quite unusual as under AMS, the
result of general elections should be coalition governments.
MAJORITY REQUIRED IN THE SCOTTISH ASSSEMBLY = 65 SEATS.
The Welsh Assembly (AMS system) 2011 Election Results:
Party Constituency Votes: Regional Votes: Total Seats
Labour 42.3% (28 seats) 36.…read more

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Result: Yes.
Devolution of Wales and Scotland 1997: Should there be separate elected
assemblies for Wales and Scotland.
Result: Yes for both.
UK Joins EU 1975: Should the UK join the European Union.
Result: Yes.…read more

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