Government and Politics - Unit 1 revision pack with examples

I have finished, and added section 1.4 (Pressure Groups) into this pack! Once again it contains examples! I am working on section 2 notes now.

This pack is for the Edexcel course. I wont be revising parties, because the other three are much easier to learn, so why bother?!

I will also be doing a Unit 2 pack: 

Incomplete at the moment though...

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  • Created by: JPerren
  • Created on: 07-04-12 16:14

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Page 1

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Politics (AS) Revision

1.1 - Democracy

Forms of Democracy

Direct Democracy ­ This is where the power to make decisions lies with the people. The earliest
accepted form of this democracy was in Ancient Greece whereby the people (although only the
Men) would gather, listen to speeches from leading citizens…

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A Referendum is "A popular vote where the people are asked to determine an important political
or constitutional issue directly". Referendums may be held for a whole variety of reasons such as:

The inability of a Government to decide on an issue: 1975, Labour asked "Do you think the…

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Criticisms of the UKs democratic system
The UK's democratic system is not without its faults and has been criticized on a variety of grounds
over the years. These arguments include:

1) There are a number of important, non-elected institutions within the governments of the
UK. The most notable examples of…

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1.2 ­ Elections

Types of elections
In the UK there are many types of elections:

General Election: This must be held at least every 5 years, although it may be called earlier if the
government wishes it to be so. In this election, each of the UKs 650 constituencies vote…

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Election Systems
There are numerous types of election system all of which can alter the results of an election in
some way. They are generally split into 3 categories:

1) Plurality ­ This is a system where the winning candidate only needs to get the most votes,
rather than more…

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AMS (Scottish Assembly): This system is a hybrid between Party List and FPTP. Each voter gets
2 votes, one of them works like FPTP and the other works the same as Party List. The seats are then
awarded 2/3 FPTP and 1/3 Party List. The results are then adjusted to…

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AV (Austraila): This system allows the voters to list their favorite candidates in order of
preference. When voting occurs, if one person wins over 50% in the first count then the voting
ends. If not the bottom candidate is eliminated and the secondary votes for that candidate added
onto the…

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1.3 ­ Pressure Groups

A pressure group is "an organization which seeks to influence the details of a comparatively small
range of public policies and which is not a factor on a recognized political party". There are
various different classifications of pressure groups which affect the ways in which they…

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Campaign methods used by Pressure Groups

Lobbying - Lobbying is the processes where-by a pressure group gets in direct contact with a
policy maker via the use of committees and commissions which meet to develop policy,
consultation with ministers on issues which concern the groups campaign and by giving policy…

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Why are some pressure groups more influential than others?
There are many factors which can determine why a pressure group is or is not successful in
achieving their aims. In a 25 mark essay, you only need to write about 4, and these are:

1) Their relationship to the government…




Thank you so much for this its a life saver



That is amazing, than you very much! We didn't study PP either, but I was still surprised when didn't see them) I thought I eliminated any possible thoughts about it)) 

P.S. You forgot to write about elitism and pluralism tho



Haha, everybody in a rush before the exam)

Ella Downey


Do you have any notes on Judges and Civil Liberties?

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