Going Global (Lessons 1-5)

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Geography unit 1: Going Global.
Lesson 1.
Globalisation; a process by which people, their cultures, money, goods & information can be
transferred between countries with few/ no barriers. This is nothing to new in the sense that
countries have been connected through; trade, colonialism & cooperation.
The effects/impacts of globalisation.
Global trade barriers being removed (tariffs, quotas ect.)
Some Transnational Companies have higher turnover than some countries GNP's.
Cheaper mobile & internet rates mean communication between people & information is free
flowing.
An expansion of international political organisations e.g. the EU.
Lesson 2.
Modern Globalisation.
Connections between parts are lengthening.
The World is becoming more deeply inter-connected. More people live connected to futher
away, not just the rich.
The "Shrinking World".
The world is becoming more technically connect e.g. the internet & communication.
Sharing of information.
Few areas inaccessible.
Quicker travel & more developed transport.
Improvement of Technology.
Available land is decreasing.
Flow of goods/services.
Reducing costs & time.
"Time-space compression".
Technological advances in a "Shrinking World".
Telephones; fibre optic connections. Smart phones. Decrease in size.
Internet; faster & wider spread of information. Social networking.
Air travel; Boeing 747 meaning more people can travel. £5 flights. Faster flights.
GIS & GPS; satellite navigation systems for navigation. Available online, phones ect. . Easier to
move around, especially for container ports.
Historical Events;
19 45; end of World War 2, formation of Work Bank & IMF.
19 70; Oil crisis.
19 89; Soviet union collapsed.

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Key Influence Details Impact
Transnational Companies Firm's operation becomes Sellers of goods & service.
more world wide spread. Brought culture & economic
change.
Transport Boeing 747. Travel for everyone.
Common travel. Increase in containers trade.
Cheap flights.
Computer & Internet Computer-aided design/ Businesses operate & locate all
Technology manufacture. over the world.
Geographical distance reduced. Revolutionised products.
Flexible & less human labour
reliant.
Information & communication.
International Organisations Give out lones. Grows in power & influence.
Aid & relief. Increase economy.
Adjustment Programmes.…read more

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Meeting between China & the UK over Trade agreements.
£2,600,000 of business deals between China & the UK.
Investment into Grangeworth oil refinery, protecting 2,000 Scottish jobs.
Agreements BP & Chinese companies to explore deep water oil reservoirs.
Commitment by Jaguar Land Rover to sell 40,000 cars in China.
Network; an illustration or model that shows how different places are linked together.
Nodes; point on a network map.
Flows; connections between nodes or global hubs.…read more

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How did the global empire get this way?
British Empire & colonisation.
Politics by countries like China not having minimum wage, allowing exploitation from other
countries.
Slave Trade.
Companies located in core countries ­ industry leaders, global hubs.
Organisations set up in the core e.g. the EU.
Industrialisation levels.
Colonisation; is the building & maintaining of colonies in one territory by people from another
territory.
People colonise because;
There are profits to be made.
It expands the power of the colonising country.
Converts religion.…read more

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Case study: Gambia.
Population of 1.7 million.
Gambia has a literacy rate of approximately 40%.
In 1965, Gambia was granted independence from the UK.
It is the smallest country in the African continent.
In 1995, had a GNP of $320.
In 2005, had a GNP of $290.
Is dependent on aid in order to develop.
Has a "financial leak".
European customers benefit from low prices where as Gambia looses out by this.
Gambia's agricultural base is fairly limited.…read more

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Contain nations at varying levels of economic development; for example the North
American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Were Mexico has cheap labour the US has
management & expertise.
E.g.
NAFTA; including Canada, the USA & Mexico.
MERCOSUR; including Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay & Uruguay.
Benefits of Trading Blocs.
Brings greater economic strength.
Give security to nations that join.
Free trade is encouraged by the removal of internal tariffs.
It protects members by establishing common external tariffs.…read more

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