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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

Lesson 1: Who is competing for coastal land?
Development and use of the coast




· Available space is decreasing.
· Increasing development leads to an increasing demand for space.
· Competition for space leads to conflict as available space decreases
Competition for space
· Wide variety of…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

Landowners
4) Environmental stakeholders
English Nature
RSPB
National Trust
Greenpeace
Economic benefit vs Environmental cost
· Development brings in economic benefits but has lots of costs, especially environmental ones
· In the UK and other developed countries there is a requirement to undertake the following
before any…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

the lines of a scallop dredger. Female edible crabs travel far along the coast to Spawning
grounds and it is important to protect their migration routes from damage.
5) Diving and angling
Diving is a low-impact activity and generates around £87,000 a year, mainly through dive
companies…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

· Tourism appeal
Pressures
· Increased water temperature due to El Niño or climate change can cause bleaching
· Disease or predators (e.g. Crown of Thorns starfish in Australia can kill 90% of coral species)
· Hurricanes bring in silt and affect water salinity
· Overfishing
·…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

Coastal Where? What happened? Pollution caused? Solutions
pollution
case study
Oil spill Gulf of Mexico Explosion on · 42,000 gallons of · Skimmer ships
drilling platform in oil leaked collecting oil from
the ocean caused · Nowhere for the the surface of the
oil to leak into…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

Aquaculture is the commercial farming of freshwater or saltwater organisms. When done
properly, some forms of aquaculture can take pressure off of the wild fisheries and provide
needed income to coastal communities. It is required because fishery catches are declining. Over
the last 20 years, world fish…

Page 7

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

· Lots of new people moving in
· No longer peaceful
· Depletion of natural resources
Case study: Dibden Bay

Why is Southampton Water suitable for industry?
Sheltered from storms of the English Channel
Deep water suitable for large ships
Flat land
What is being proposed at…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

The cliffs are all made of soft, incoherent rocks ­ mainly boulder clay
The coast is very exposed ­ approaching waves have a very long fetch
The waves are mainly destructive
Most of the material eroded from the cliffs is washed out to sea, the rest is…

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

· Power cuts · Infrastructure damaged
· Transport links ruined · Loss of money and business
· Massive insurance costs · Political centre
· Loss of jobs · Death

What were the effects of the UK storm surge in 1953?


· Occurred 31st
Jan ­ 1st Feb…

Page 10

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GeographyCrowded CoastsFebruary/March 2015

· Heavy investment to protect the coastline and tourist industry
· £62 million spent on a new sea wall
· New sea wall designed to deflect and absorb wave energy
· Protects 15,000 homes and businesses

Case study: Abbott's hall farm, Essex ­ managed retreat
· Abbott's…

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