Glossary of Key Words for Edexcel Germany 1918-1939

This is a glossary of Key Words for the Unit 2a of the Edexcel GCSE History course. It includes terms from the textbook, by Steve Waugh and John Wright, and terms from my own lessons. 

These can be split up into matching pairs, note cards or just used for reading.

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Glossary of Words for Edexcel Weimar Nazi Germany GCSE History
25 Point Programme- The manifesto written by Hitler and Drexler in 1920
Anti-Semitism ­ Hatred and persecution of Jews
Armistice ­ the ending of hostilities in a war
Aryan ­ Nazi term for a non-Jewish German, someone of supposedly "pure" German stock
Bolshevism ­ Named from the Bolsheviks, members of the Russian Social Democrat Party, who
followed Lenin
Capitalism ­ An economic system in which the production and distribution of goods depend on
private investment
Censorship ­ Preventing things from being said, doen drawn or published.
Civil rights ­ Basic rights of citizens such as the right to vote, equal treatment under the law, etc.
Coalition government ­ A government of 2 or more parties
Communists ­ Those following the Communist ideas of Karl Marx believing, ie. That the state should
own the means of production and distribution
Concentration camp- Prison for political prisoners and enemies of the state, who are placed there
without trial
Concordat ­ Agreement
Conscription ­ Compulsory military service for a certain period of time
Constitution ­ The basic principles according to which a country is governed
Dawes Plan ­ Introduced in 1924 to reduce Germany's annual reparation payments
Demilitarised ­ Removing troops from an area
Diktat ­ A dictated peace
Dolchstoss ­ Stab in the back
Enabling Bill ­ The Bill that gave Hitler the power to rule for four years without consulting the
Reichstag
Euthanasia ­ The bringing about of death to relieve suffering. The Nazis interpreted this as killing
anyone who was seen as substandard and of no further use to the state.
Federal structure ­ System in which power is divided between a central government (Reichstag) and
regional governments (Lander)

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Fourteen Points ­ The principles laid down by President Wilson as the war aims of the USA
Freikorps ­ Private armies set up by senior German army officers at the end of WW1. They are mainly
comprised ex-Soldiers.
Fuherprinzip ­ The leadership principle; the idea that the Nazi Party and Germany should have one
leader obeyed by all.
Fuhrerprinzip ­ The leader ship principle, Hitler having absolute power and authority, and answering
to no one.…read more

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Nazi Teachers' League ­ Organisation set up to control teachers and what they taught.
Nazi-Nationalist government ­ Coalition of NSDAP and DNVP after January 1933
November Criminals ­ Name given to the German politicians who accepted the armistice which ended
WW1
Passive resistance ­ Opposition to a government, invading power etc.…read more

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SA (Sturmabteilung) The storm troopers of the Nazi Party
SD (Sicherheitsdienst) Security Service
Second Reich ­ The name given to the German Empire, ruled by the Hohenzollern dynasty from 1871
to 1918
Slav ­ Member of any of the peoples of Eastern Europe
Socialists ­ Those who believe in state ownership
Spartacist League ­ Extreme left-wing members of the SPD
SS (Schutzstaffel) ­ Originally Hitler's private bodyguards; eventually grew to have very
wide-ranging powers.…read more

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