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20th April 1889 Hitler born.
9th November 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates because of the social hardship in Germany and the humiliating Treaty of Versailles.
11th November 1918 11th November Armistice signed - The armistice was signed because the Germany had no choice, they had no supplies for their soldiers, there was
mutiny in the ranks and their allies had left them. They had to withdraw all troops, move their navy into allied ports and disarm. The armistice was signed on the 11th November at
11.00. The German politicians, who signed this, were known as the November criminals.
January 1919 Spartacist uprising - Many of the people in Germany were communists, who wanted to bring in a Russian-style communist government. There were a number of
communist uprisings. For instance, in 1919 the Spartacists rebelled in Berlin.
9th January 1919 German workers' party (DAP) founded.
28th June 1919 Germans signed the Treaty of Versailles. The terms were so severe that, the German chancellor resigned. There was no alternative the allies controlled
Europe. Germany lost all its overseas colonies and many territories in Europe. Anschluss was forbidden. There were harsh restrictions on the military. Germany had to take sole
blame for the war; they also had to pay crippling reparations.
August 1919 The Weimar Republic begins - a new democratic government of Germany was declared in February 1919 at the small town of Weimar. It was too dangerous to
make a declaration in Berlin where there had just been a revolt by a Communist group called the Spartacists. The Weimar Republic was a genuine attempt to create a perfect
democratic country. It had an elected Reichstag, which made the laws and elected president to use article 48 in an emergency. Underpinned, by a bill of rights, the vote and
1920 Kapp Putsch - In March 1920, there was a rebellion - the Kapp Putsch - that aimed to bring back the Kaiser.
7 August 1920 Dap became the NSDAP.
1921 - Hitler becomes NSDAP's Führer.
1921 Sturmabteilung (SA) formed. This was Hitler's private army, the killed his opponents and showed his strength and power.
1923 - The Munich Putsch - On the night of 8 November 1923, Hitler and 600 storm troopers burst into a meeting that Kahr and Lossow were holding at the local Beer Hall.
Waving a gun at them, Hitler forced them to agree to rebel - and then let them go home. The SA took over the army headquarters and the offices of the local newspaper. The next
day, 9 November 1923, Hitler and his Nazis went into Munich on what they thought would be a triumphal march to take power. However, Kahr had called in police and army
reinforcements. There was a short scuffle in which the police killed 16 Nazis.Hitler fled, but was arrested two days later.
1923 - The French occupation of the Ruhr. The French and Belgian armies marched into the Ruhr and intended to take over the industries, to pay for the unpaid reparations.
There was a passive resistance and Germany and France gained very little for their trouble and the German economy collapsed.
September 1923 - Gustav Stresseman appointed as chancellor. Gustav Stresemann had been a nationalist, but he realised that something needed to be done to save
Germany. The most important thing he did in 1923 was to organise the Great Coalition of moderate, pro-democracy parties in the Reichstag. At last, Germany had a government
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Under Stresemann's guidance, the government called off the strike, persuaded the French to leave the Ruhr and even got the rest of the world to allow
Germany to join the League of Nations in 1926.
November 1923 Rentenmark issued. German Reichsbank was reformed and the old money was called in and burned. This ended the hyperinflation.
April 1924 - Dawes Plan agreed. This gave Germany longer to pay reparations.…read more
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Law for the encouragement of marriage introduced. The Law for the Encouragement of Marriage gave newly wed couples a loan of 1,000 marks, and allowed them to
keep 250 marks for each child they had. Mothers who had more than eight children were given a gold medal. Unmarried women could volunteer to have a baby for an Aryan
member of the SS. This was a good way for Hitler to get his wish of having a high birth rate.…read more
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June 1934 The night of the long knives - some SA leaders are demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda, and that the SA take over the army. Hitler cannot
afford to annoy the businessmen or the army, so the SS murders perhaps 400 of the SA members, including its leader Röhm, along with a number of Hitler's other opponents. This
destroyed all opposition within the Nazi Party. It gave power to the brutal SS.…read more