GCSE Human Geography AQA- Case Studies

Human Geography Case Studies - The development gap, changing urban environments, Population Change

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Human Geography
Case Studies
Population Change
China one-child policy
Will China become a sustainable population?
Must not marry until late 20's
Only one successful pregnancy
Must be sterilised or must abort future babies
Receive a 5-10% salary rise for limiting family
Priority Housing, pension and family benefits
Disobeying the rules:
10% salary cut
Fine imposed- could lead to bankruptcy
Must pay for education and healthcare for the whole family
However if a second child is born abroad they are not penalised but they cannot become a
Chinese citizen.
Problems and Benefits:
Women forced to have abortions as late as 9th month
Tremendous pressure from `Granny Police'
Local officials and government have power over people's lives
Female infanticide
Spoilt children, `Little Emperors'
Changes to the one- child policy:
Young couples who are both only children are allowed two children
Kerala, India
An alternative population policy
Improving education standards and treating girls as equal as boys
Providing adult literacy classes in towns and villages
Educating people to understand the benefits of smaller families
Reducing infant mortality
Vaccination programmes to improve child health
Free contraception and advice
Encouraging higher age of marriage
Only maternity leave for first two children
Smaller families- extra retirement benefits
Land reform programme
France's solution
Ageing population- Encouraging larger families

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Three years of paid parental leave
Full-time schooling starts at the age of three
Day care for children younger than three is subsided by the government
The more children a woman has, the earlier she will be allowed to retire with a full pension.
Poland- UK
Migration within the EU
Impacts in Poland:
Poland's population fell (by 0.…read more

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Strategy 1- London Docklands
Bringing land and buildings into effective use
£1.86 billion in public sector investment
£7.7 billion in private sector investment
431 ha of land sold for development
144km of new and improved roads
the construction of Docklands Light Railway
2.…read more

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Nairobi's inhabitants live in slums
800,000 ­ 1,000,000 people live within 225ha
Over 100,000 children are orphans as a result of HIV/Aids
Homes are made mud, wood, or corrugated iron
No sanitation
One standpipe may supply water for up to 40 families
Crime is rife
Finding Solutions:
A British society has supplies low-cost roofing tiles
The United Nation's Human Settlement Programme ­ has provided affordable electricity
Medical facilities are provided by charities
Gap-year students are encouraged to volunteer
Plans to re-house thousands of residents
Curitiba,…read more

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One of the most powerful and destructive hurricanes, hitting several Caribbean countries and
Ivan hit the island of Grenada on 7th September 2004
Winds were travelling at about 200km per hour
Trees were uprooted, services and building were destroyed, and roads were blocked by
fallen trees.…read more

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Environmental quality is improved as sustainability is an important aspect of ActionAid
Community Youth Empowerment programme- small-scale aid
Gap year students go out to help:
Raise awareness of aids to prevent as many infections as possible- through role play and
drama to appeal to younger people
Improve knowledge of environmental health concerns such as nutrition, sanitation and waste
Teach energy conservation methods such as how to construct a fuel efficient stove
Promote sustainable organic farming ideas
Bulgaria and UK
Inequalities within the EU…read more

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Ensure a fair standard of living for farmers
Ensure reasonable prices to customers
Guarantees the survival of rural communities- where more than half of EU citizens live
Preserves the appearance of the countryside
European Investment Bank (EIB)
EU policies to reduce different levels of development
EIB's money comes from the countries who own it
They contribute according to size and wealth
In 2004 they contributed 163.…read more


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