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Section One Summary ­ The chemistry of
carbon compounds

A hydrocarbon is a compound of hydrogen and carbon only. Ethane (C2H4) is an
example of a hydrocarbon.

The structural formula and the molecular formula of Methane, Ethane,
Propane and Butane are on attached separate paper.

An alkane burning in…

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Does the chemical A colourless Methanol reacts Ethanol reacts with
react with sodium? solution is formed, with sodium and sodium to create a
If yes, what are the consisting of creates a clear flame. clear flame. It
names of the strongly alkalic It produces Sodium produces Sodium
products? sodium hydroxide…

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The acid in vinegar is Acetic acid.

Magnesium + ethanoic acid Magnesium ethanoate + hydrogen

Potassium hydroxide + ethanoic acid Potassium ethanoate + water

Copper + carbonate + ethanoic acid Copper ethanoate + carbon dioxide +

Calcium + ethonic acid --> calcium ethanoate

The reaction between ethanoic acid and…

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Forming an ester in a laboratory - Carboxylic acids and alcohols are often warmed
together in the presence of a few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid in order to
observe the smell of the esters formed.

Fats are made of organic compounds including hydrogen, carbon and oxygen. Fats
are generally…


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