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THE OIL REFINING PROCESS:
FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION
Crude oil (also called petroleum) is a mixture of different
hydrocarbons.
Many useful products can be made from these hydrocarbons.
But first the useful ones must be extracted from the crude oil
and separated from one another…read more

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EQUIPMENT
The main equipment is a tall cylinder called a fractionator (or
fractional distillation column)
Inside this column there are many trays, or horizontal plates,
all located at different heights.
Each tray collects a different fraction when it cools to its own
boiling point and condenses.…read more

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THE PROCESS
gases
Petroleum ether
Petrol (gasoline)
kerosene
Heating oil/diesel
Lubricating oil, greases and waxes,
residue (asphalt and tar)…read more

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