GCSE American West Full Revision Notes

Revision notes for GCSE History, these notes are for the WJEC board but they should work for any other board if your studying the American West.Hope they help

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Mariam
  • Created on: 09-05-13 09:31
Preview of GCSE American West Full Revision Notes

First 334 words of the document:

The American West-1865-95
The Plains:
-Flat
-Lack of Water and Trees
-Extreme Weather
Tipi:
-Crucial to survival of the Indians
-Made of Buffalo Skin and held together with pegs
-Owned by the women in the tribe (even after divorce)
-Took 10 minutes to take down
-Had flaps which open up to let wind in and smoke out
-In winter a fire was in the centre and the floor was covered with buffalo fur
-Conical shape for resistance to strong winds
-Decorated with tribal paintings of wars, hunts, acts of bravery
-Scalps of defeated enemies hung at the top
Family Life:
-Most Indians lived within bands of 10 (50 families)
-Polygamy existed (having more than 1 wife) because of a lot of men dying in war, all women
needed to be cared for
Role of Men:
-Hunt
-Look after horses
-Protect women and children
-Young men would impress women with hunting skills, bravery, stealing horses to show love and
ability to provide for family
Role of Women:
-Expected to have skills in craft and making good home
-Make food and collect water
-Highly respected as child bearers
Children:
-Highly valued as future of tribe
-Learnt essential survival skills (using weapons, making tipi)
-White people thought Indian children were wild
Old People:
-Respected for wisdom and advice
-Educated children
-When too old and slow to travel they would opt to stay behind so tribe can travel on without them
without hold ups, they chose to die for the good of the tribe
Organisation:
-Crucial for survival of Plains Indians
-Strong sense of custom and tradition, Indians who did something wrong would be humiliated and
punished in front of the band
-Chiefs became chiefs because of their wisdom, power, spiritual and warrior skill. They were not

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Important decisions were made in council meetings, the men smoked to inform spirits of their
decisions
-Warrior Societies organised hunts, travelling and protection for bands
The Buffalo:
-Crucial for Indians survival
-Indians performed The Buffalo Dance before hunting Buffalo, they believed this would make the
buffalo come closer
-Indians dressed in wolf skin to sneak up to buffalo before shooting them with arrows
-Some Sioux would drive the buffalo off a cliff edge to kill more of them
-Were main source of food
-Rawhide (leather…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Dances and ceremonies used to contact spirits and to pray
-The Sun Dance was used to determine is a man was warrior material
The Medicine Man:
-Used the power of the spirits to cure the sick
-Used herbal remedies too
-Made charms
-Were a part of every tribal decision
-Plains Indians were usually fit because of active lifestyle
Settlement of Plains:
-The settlers believed in ownership of land and came to the Plains for wealth
-The settlers though Indians were savages
-White Americans believed in…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Advanced machinery allowed more land to be ploughed
-Sod Busters could plough through dense grass roots
Female Homesteaders:
-Had many responsibilities
-Cooked
-Planted crops
-Collected cattle chips
-Taught and brought up children
-Protected crops from cattle
-Made soap, candles and clothes
-Killed snakes
The Cattle Industry:
-Cattle were brought to America by Europeans
-Best Breed = Texas Longhorns
-Beef became very popular
-Cattle were usually drove to markets in the East by cowboys
-Charles Goodnight came up with the idea of selling cattle to the…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Open Range Ranching:
-Was problematic because of cattle theft and it was hard to find out who owned which cattle
-Ended in the winter of 1886-87 because the winter was severe and killed thousands of cattle,
demand for beef fell plus there was pressure on grass stock due to lots of cattle and droughts
-As a result cowboy life was destroys and smaller fenced off ranches were created
-A cowboys life was not so dangerous anymore, all they had to do was patrol their little…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Friction between economic groups (Cattle Barons,
Economical
Homesteaders, Ranchers, Miners)
Types of Crimes
Ex-soldiers turned to robbery after the American
Bank Robbery
Civil War.
Young Cattle were often stolen before branding
and brands could also be altered. Sometimes
Cattle Rustling
cowboys would steal cattle and start their own
ranch.
Cattle Barons would fence off large amounts of
Fence Cutting land so homesteaders and ranchers had to cut
through them to access water and land.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Corruption Some Sheriffs were often corrupt.
Pay The pay was very poor so many men were not too willing to become a lawman.
Were people who took law enforcement into their own hands. They caused a
Vigilantes lot of trouble because they would lynch people they though guilty, a lot of
innocent people were hanged.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

The Little Big Horn with their people.
2.However the Sioux and Cheyenne that did agree to the US Armies confinement soon began to
realise they were only being repaid by broken treaties (as gold miners persisted to mine in The Black
Hills) so they left their reservations and joined Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull in Montana.
3.The US Army ordered all the Indians in Montana to return to their reservations , an order the two
Indians Chief ignored.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Without them the Indians were slowly starving to death.
The US Army The Army has superior firepower, more soldiers, strong forts, better
artillery and rifles than the Indians. Their Total War (wiping out all Indians)
strategy was effective. The Indians were separated; smaller groups were
easier to kill. Their food supply, clothes, animals and shelters were being
destroyed leaving them to starve in freezing temperatures as they were
not allowed to travel in winter.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Comments

Miss E

A very good set of revision notes covering most aspects of the topic already summarised into bullet points for you.

Ines460

amazing help!!

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »