Germany: GCSE History Revision Cards

Hey! I've finally done this EVIL power point. This is all the stuff you need to know about Germany (both Weimar Germany and Nazi Germany) and I hope it'll be of some use to people who are doing GCSE history.

It includes details about; Weimar, Nazi Party, Treaty of Versailles, Hitler, World War 1, World War 2, Gustav Stresemann, Backstairs Intrigue, Holocaust and everything else basically.

Kathryn.C

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Kathryn.C
  • Created on: 01-06-10 17:34
Preview of Germany: GCSE History Revision Cards

Other slides in this set

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Impact of WWI on Germany Politics
POLITICAL EFFECTS: and Anarchy
Germany had political problems before the war
Reichstag was weak
Working and middle-class people had little say in the way Germany was run
No effective opposition to the Kaiser (got worse during the war)
Opposition Leader's imprisoned
Germany ruled as a Military Dictatorship by Kaiser and his Army Leaders
(Ludendorff and Hindenburg)
Weakened the Reichstag further
ANARCHY:
Germany was extremely unstable
Armed demobilised soldier's were returning home and
joining in violent demonstrations against the War and the
Kaiser.…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Impact of WWI on Germany:
Physically and Psychologically
PHYSICAL EFFECTS:
Farming disruption because farm workers had been drafted into armed forces
1918; Germany producing only 50% of milk, 60% of butter and meat it had
produced before the war
British Navy blocked German ports which prevented food from reaching Germans
for the last two years of the war
In weakened conditions civilians were vulnerable to disease. Probably ¾ of
German citizens died from combined effect of hunger and disease
PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS:
Before War, Germans were proud and ambitious for their country
Prepared to work hard for its success
Experiences of the war made Germans bitter and angry
All hopes of the pre-war years had been dashed
Looked around for someone to blame (November Criminals)
Society HAD been famous for its unity and obedience of its people, now famous
for its squabbling and conflicts.…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Treaty of
11th Versailles
November 1918; World War One ended , known as Armistice Day
Negotiation; from January to May 1919
Big Three; USA, Great Britain and France. (Woodrow Wilson, Lloyd George
and George Clemnceau; know as The Tiger) as well as the Italian President,
Orlando
Treaty's Key Terms; 440 clauses, 200+ pages
German Army reduced; to 100'000 men and not allowed an Air Force or Navy
Article 231; `War Guilt Clause' meant Germany took full responsibility for the
war and that included all the losses and damages
Article 232; Reparation Clause meant Germany had to pay the countries that
had been damaged during the war (GB and France)
Article 428; the Rhineland was a demilitarised zone (the Rhineland had most of
Germany's mines in it and meant that the
French had a clear path into Germany if
they ever needed it)
Those who signed it became known the
`November Criminals'.…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Gustav
Stresemann
Born; Berlin to a modest family background, he established his own business
1907; elected as a National Liberal candidate in poor district of Saxony, aged 28
he became the youngest member of the Reichstag
1914; adopted an extremist nationalist stance in the First World War. Was a
member of the Navy League, became a propagandist for a `Greater Germany'
and supported the move to unrestricted submarine warfare
1917; became leader of National Liberal Party until its break-up in 1919
1918; was for harsh peaces terms in the settlement with Russia
1919; was denied membership of new Democratic Party, responded by founding
the German People's Party (DVP). Was emotionally hostile towards the Republic
but decided that he could only make an effective political contribution within the
party system. Accepted Germany's commitments under the Treaty of Versailles
1920; DVP benefitted from the prevailing Anti-Versailles sentiment and obtained
65 seats in the Reichstag
1921-22; led his part in condemning the murders of the Republican politician
Mathias Erzberger and Walter Rathenau. Also advocated firm legislation against
Right-Wing extremists.…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

The Weimar
9thNovember 1918; Weimar Republic proclaimed (created) Republic
Born into the throes of military defeat and social revolution
January 1919; National Assembly elected to draft a constitution
Government; members of the Assembly called Weimar Coalition, included the
SPD (German Democratic Party; Deutsche Demokratishce Partei ­ DDP) and the
Centre Party (Catholic)
Percentage of votes gained by coalition parties; 76.2%, suggested there was broad
support for the Republic
Percentage of votes against the coalition; 10.3% which was for the German
People's Part (DVP) and the German National People's Party (DNVP)
February 1919; Assembly selected the first President (Friedrich Ebert)
The President; was elected by popular direct ballot to a seven-year term and could
be re-elected
Article 48; the Emergency Clause gave the President the right to dissolve the
Reichstag, dismiss the Cabinet and veto Legislation (it was a way the President
could have absolute power and it was legal).…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7

Slide 8

Preview of page 8
Preview of page 8

Slide 9

Preview of page 9
Preview of page 9

Slide 10

Preview of page 10
Preview of page 10

Comments

Carina2305

Helped a lot thank you! x :)

issie_reed

found it very helpful

shystudy

Didn't help me but thx anyway :/

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »