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GCSE History
Medicine Part 1 ­ Ancient Medicine
Ancient Ideas about Illness
The Four Humours
The Ancient Greeks thought that everyone had a mix of four humours in their body
They thought that a person would become ill if their humours became unbalanced
The humours were: Blood, Yellow bile, Black…

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Most illness or injuries would be treated by the father using remedies passed down
through the family
Roman Doctors

Not widely respected
Many were foreign
Formal training wasn't required
Learnt from books by Galen or Hippocrates or other doctors
Some trained in Alexandria, Egypt where human dissection was legal



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