GCSE Medicine through time prehistoric- Ancient romans

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GCSE History 7th June 2011…read more

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Little is known about the use of medicine in Prehistoric times. The term
Prehistoric means before any written records. Therefore, we can only make
estimates about history in the Prehistoric Era.
Little is known about war in There was no settled government because
Prehistoric times. It is people lived nomadic lifestyles.
suggested that there were Therefore, intervention or funding of medicine
different groups of people wasn't possible.
called tribes.
RELIGION It is known that a form of surgery called
It is suggested that Prehistoric Trephining, that involved the removal of a
people were extremely spiritual. small piece of the skull, was used in
They believed that there were Prehistoric times. This was either used to rid
bad spirits and good spirits. people of headaches(!) or remove bad spirits.
Charms and amulets were used
to "cast away" these bad spirits. CHANCE- no records…read more

Slide 3

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Primitive tools like flints and arrow heads No records
were used.
During the Prehistoric Era
there weren't doctors like we
know today. Presumably,
there were chiefs of tribes
either called a Medicine Man
or a Shaman who performed
rituals to rid people of their
"bad spirits".
Women were also suggested
to provide herbal cures and
remedies.…read more

Slide 4

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The river Nile was extremely Egyptians developed their own form of writing
important in Prehistoric times. known as hieroglyphics. They wrote this on papyrus
Because of this the Egyptian created which allowed them to document their medical
immigration channels to help findings and use it to communicate with others.
distribute water around the land.
As the Nile was of such importance,
the Egyptians believed that the body RELIGION
was like the Nile. Egyptian religion relied heavily on a belief in the
The theory of the blocked channels afterlife and the Gods.
was the belief that the body had its An example of a God was the Goddess Seckhmet
heart at the centre (like the main body who was believed to have the ability to cause and
of the river Nile) cure epidemics.
And that there were channels leading The Egyptians believed that the afterlife was
off the heart (the irrigation channels). important for bodies so they wouldn't dissect bodies.
If one of these channels became Through mummification knowledge of the human
blocked. anatomy was increased (however only a little due to
the fact that they couldn't dissect).…read more

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Surgery was a common practice among The only main Medical Individual we know
physicians as treatment for physical injuries. of is the great physician and specialist
The Egyptian physicians recognized three doctor called Imhotep, the doctor of
categories of injuries; treatable, contestable, Pharaoh Zoser.
and untreatable ailments. Treatable ailments
the surgeons would quickly set to right. WAR
Contestable ailments were those where the The Egyptians were incredibly powerful
victim could presumably survive without and rich. This was because they had fought
treatment, so patients assumed to be in this many countries and had brought back
category were observed and if they survived many of their ideas and resources.
then surgical attempts could be made to fix
them. Surgical tools uncovered in
archaeological sites have included knives,
hooks, drills, forceps and pinchers, scales,
spoons, saws and a vase with burning
incense.[…read more

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Religion was still an important influence on people's TECHNOLOGY
lives. The Ancient Greeks believed in the Greek God Women still treated their
Asclepius and looked to him to cure illnesses. families, using remedies that
had been passed down through
INDIVIDUALS time such as herbs.
One of the most influential medical person was the Greeks were beginning to
Ancient Greek doctor Hippocrates. Hippocrates came understand about the function
up with the Theory of the Four Humours. The theory of organs. They also knew that
stated that the body contained four humours (phlegm, fitness was important but also
blood, yellow bile, black bile) and we became ill when that they needed rest when they
the humours were unbalanced. For example, in the were ill.
winter we sneeze and cough because they body contain
too much phlegm.
Hippocrates also believed that observation f a patient CHANCE
was very important and wrote this in his large collection No records
of books, now called the Hippocratic Collection.…read more

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