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Phonetics and phonology are the frameworks that look at the sound of English. Phonology deals with the study of the sound
system, whereas phonetics deal with the actual sounds of speech. This can be said that this framework is a way of exploring
sound patterns and their effects on speech.
They can be broke up into phonemes (like morphemes) are basic units but in this case they are units of sound.
Sound symbolism is the term used to describe how sounds are used to represent actual events and to mirror the actions they
describe. Onomatopoeia also covers the feature of sound patterning. It can occur in lexical forms (lexical
onomatopoeia-crash, bang) and non lexical forms (non lexical onomatopoeia, cluster of sounds such as grr).
Other patterns can be achieved by foregrounding sounds, this is often used by the techniques alliteration (sequence of words
beginning with the same sound), assonance (repetition of vowel), sibilance (repetition of the letter s) and consonance
(repetition of consonant sounds).
Language can be manipulated for a comical effect and this can rely on homophones (word that sounds the same as another
word/s. This can also rely on phonetic substitution and may be used for a specific implied reader.