AS English Language Framework spider diagram

Just a spider diagram with all the key facts about the different frameworks for analysing texts :)

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  • Frameworks
    • Lexis
      • The vocabulary of a langauge
      • When texts share a topic or focus they will use similar words e.g. in an advert for mobile phones sim card and battery life will be used, this is the lexical field.
    • Semantics
      • This can be explicit or implicit. Words will hve literal meanings but it can be associated with other meanings e.g. red is a colour but also represents danger.
      • The study of how meaning is created through words and phrases.
    • Grammar
      • Grammar is the system of rules how words and sentences are constructed.
      • A system that classifies words in to word classes e.g. nouns, verbs, adjectives.
      • Rules about how they function in relation to eachother (syntax)
      • The individual units that make up whole words (morphology)
    • Phonology
      • Phonology is the study or sounds, how they're produced and combined to make words.
        • This includes non-verbal aspects of speech or prosody- features of spoken language such as pace, stress, rhythm and intonation
    • Pragmatics
      • It is about social conventions, context, personality and relationships. This affects the choices people make in their speech. e.g. level of formality and social conventions
      • A student might address their teacher at Miss Rogers or Lizzie depending on what the school or college sees as acceptable
    • Graphology
      • It is the study of the writing and the effect this has on the text.
      • When you discuss the graphology you analyse features such as the typeface, the positioning of a text and the relationship between text and images.
    • Discourse
      • Discourse is an extended piece of spoken or written langauge, made up of more than one utterance (spoken) or  one sentence (written).
  • The study of how meaning is created through words and phrases.


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