Ethical approaches to Environmental ethics (including A02)

Does not include, deep and shallow ecology or the gaia hypothesis seperate document for those

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 14-06-14 15:22
Preview of Ethical approaches to Environmental ethics (including A02)

First 598 words of the document:

God created the world out of the abundance of his love
He created it perfect out of his limitless love
Part of this limitless love is the creation of humans who represent this love
Human beings are special, set apart from others because they are in God's image
They have a special place in Creation; man goes on to name all the creatures of the earth;
`whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name' (Genesis 2:19)
The giving of names signified control and power over the creatures named
In this act God has given humanity control over the earth and its creatures
Humans are given dominion (authority) over nature this brings with it responsibility
Christians therefore believe they have a duty of care for the environment because God
created it for them
Stewardship God has put humans in charge of the earth meaning we have an obligation to
look after it properly as Adam is required to look after the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2
Both the Old and New Testaments reflect the idea that God made the world for humanity
and that individual human beings have a moral responsibility to look after the planet
Husbandry, the care, cultivation and breeding of animals and crops, is a virtue since it imitates
the act of God in Creation
Based on two main ideas - that God created the world out of his love and that humans have a
duty of care ­ this means that ecological issues are treated seriously and that the world is not
to be exploited in an unsustainable way
Exploitation of the planet is seen as socially unjust
Shows that a primary strength lies in its anthropocentric nature; humans are at the centre
and are responsible for what happens to the environment
However, this has been seen as a weakness to some ecologists. They say this idea sets
humans apart as superior to Creation, rather than one part of the created order
They see the dominion that God gave to Adam and Eve as the cause of destruction of the
planet; it gives humans a belief that they can do whatever they like
James Locklock and others argue that there is another fundamental error in Christian views;
they also see the world in a theocentric way God is ultimately in control and all will be well
in the end. This limits human responsibility and Lovelock says this needs to be removed
Natural Law
Vladimir Lossky took a different view of humanity's place in Creation; humans are part of it
Humans are like the heart of the body, cannot function alone
Therefore any damage to Creation must be prevented and it is up to human beings to put
right any destruction which has taken place ecocentric approach
Mark Murphy is one who attempted to go further than the Natural Law of Aristotle and
Aquinas; he put forward a practical method of using reason to calculate what ought to be
done morally in any given situation
He adapted John Finnis' list of the basic goods needed to create Eudaimonia; life,
knowledge, aesthetic experience, excellence at work and play, freedom, inner peace,
friendship and community, religion and happiness. This can then be applied rationally to life to
create what Murphy calls practical rationality

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

In 2009, Scott Davidson applied this list to create a Natural Law based environmental ethics;
all environmental issues could be applied to this list e.g.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Naturalism was crucial to Benthamite ethics; the reason pleasure is to be preferred to pain is
because that is how it was in nature
Mill points out that in nature, gardens untended by humans hands quickly turn into
wilderness controlled by a monoculture of weeds.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Examining the virtues and instilling these in the individual
2.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all resources »