Essay Plan for the Influence of Culture on Relationships

To be used when user already knows the content of the course.

This is an abbreviated essay plan which i used in preparation for my A2 Psychology exam for the AQA exam board.

This was made to refresh memory and for structure.

It is probably not what you're looking for if you want to know details of each study.

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  • Created by: Kerri
  • Created on: 16-11-12 12:29
Preview of Essay Plan for the Influence of Culture on Relationships

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Essay plan 6 ­ Influence of culture on romantic relationships
Western/Non Western : - Voluntary/Non voluntary
- W) Greater soc mobility ­ interact with more
people people, greater degree of choice
-W) s formed on basis of love and in interest of
individual individual
-NW) s reflect interests of family/group
Norms: - different guidelines in development of s
$ Ma (1996) ­ self-disclosure on internet
Americans self-disclosed sooner than east
as asian
- rules that apply to development of s
$ Argyle et al (1986) ­ rules in UK, ITALY, HONG K
KONG & JAPAN differ, sims ­ courtesy to partner
Synoptic - Culture bias ­ list of rules put together in W)
may have missed rules important to diffcultures &
w western ones may have less relevance in CCs
$ Moore & Leung (2001) ­ Anglo-Aus m) casual s
Chinese-Aus m) as romantic as f) partner
Voluntary/non-voluntary: - Expectation: s based on love more successful
- BUT CCs (arranged marriages) ­ parents better to j
judge compatibility, not blinded by love
$ Epstein (2002) ­ Cs with reduced social mobility, NV
w work well (lower divorce rates/higher levels of
W Xiaohe & Whyte (1990) ­ Chinese study, women f
free to choose & married for love were happier than
t those in arranged ms
Loneliness: - Cs that promote strong desire for s can influence
loneliness in single adolescents
$ Seepersad et al (2008)- UK/USA: greater loneliness
due to desire for s compared to China/Korea
- - Koreans relied on family to fulfil social needs, US
relied n friends/ s
Evolution: - Romantic love = adaptation to promote r
reproduction and off-spring survival
$ Jankowiak & Fischer (1992) found evidence of
romantic love in 90% of 166 non western tribal

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UNIVERSAL (probably evolutionary, not
from cultural factors)
Historical: - Drift towards voluntary & temp s is consequence
o of increasing urbanisation in recent years (not diff in
c cultural norms/values)
- - This is why NW) China & India have shown more v
voluntary and higher divorce rates…read more



thanks :)

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