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Influence of Childhood Experiences on
Relationships
Bowlby
The Internal Working Model
Our adult relationships are greatly affected
by the relationship that we had to our
primary care giver (the person we had an
attachment t0)
Our experiences with our primary caregiver
impact the expectations that we have for
our future relationships…read more

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Attachments
The type of attachment we had to our caregiver has
an affect on our relationships.
Ainsworth identified 3 main attachments:
Secure Attachment
Avoidant-Insecure Attachment
Resistant-Insecure Attachment
Those that are resistant or avoidant insecure are
more likely to have problems in their adult
relationships…read more

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Hazen and Shaver ­ Love Quiz
Published a love quiz in an American newspaper
They asked about their childhood attachment and
about their love life
Found that those that were securely attached were
more likely to have happy, longer lasting
relationships
Those that had been insecurely attached had more
difficulty ­ increased number of divorces and their
perception of love was more negative…read more

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Interaction with Peers
Early relationship with peers is also
important
Children learn about themselves through
interaction which then gets internalised and
shapes expectations of future relationships
They get a sense of their own value e.g.
popularity…read more

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Evaluation
· There is a large amount of evidence to
show a link between attachments and
relationships ­ Hazen and Shaver
· Children who fail to form an
attachment at all when an infant tend
to have severe social problems
meaning they find forming
relationships of any kind difficult. They
are either treat everyone as if they are
best friends or are completely
unresponsive…read more

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