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English Language Revision
Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise:
Successful writers usually write about something that is important to them, so
they have to choose the best way to express it. Your exam grade depends on
what you write, so make it your business to be interested in the topic…

Page 2

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"[The audience for the paper] ranges from 8- to 14-year-olds, which means that I have
to keep my writing really clear, really concise and to the point. But my main aim is to be
informative as well as entertaining."

Purpose
Zoos - for and against
"The first thing I have…

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Education - limited value as not natural environment.
Conservation - doesn't always help and where are the animals taken from?
Danger to public - there have been accidents involving animals.
4. Pros
Not cruel - many animals bred in captivity, well looked after.
Conservation - has saved some animals.
Education…

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Golden rules to remember when composing
Stick to the structure you planned
Once you've started writing - stick to the structure, but try to make your writing flow
easily from one point to the next.
Make your writing fluent
Fluency means leading your reader smoothly through your writing, controlling the…

Page 5

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Reading a Non Fiction Text
Mind the GAP
GAP stands for:

Genre
Audience
Purpose

Genre
What is the text? How do you know?

In the exam, this is easy because you will be told where the text came from. Knowing
where the document came from - eg a newspaper, a…

Page 6

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Is it written in short paragraphs with lots of pictures?
Is it written in bullet points?
Is it interesting or eye-catching to look at?
Is it a leaflet?

Tone
This is linked to language. Imagine how you would read this document aloud. Do you need
a serious, humorous, sad or…

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