First 317 words of the document:
Elizabeth's Religious Settlement
In 1558 after half a century of violent upheavals the last of Henrys VIII's children came to the throne. The
problem's facing the country might have been too much for any middle-aged king with years of expeirience of
govering behind him. But England's new monarch was a twenty five year old woman who had spent some
time confined to the Tower and other castles and who, since the age of twenty had expected almost every day to
be expected by her sister Mary.
Queen Elizabeth I was a remarkable woman- as she needed to be with the difficulties that surround her.
Despite the vast sums of money gathered by Henry VII and the treasures from the monasteries and churches,
so this meant that the country was now desperately poor.
Fortunately for England Queen Elizabeth had no strong religious feelings. She was not a violent Protestant
like Edward, nor a strict Catholic like her sister Mary. Because of this she was able to go some way to meet
To please the Protestants she made all churches use the English prayer book of Edward and allowed the
clergymen to marry: to please the Catholics she allowed the priests to keep the elaborate robes they had always
worn and also made some changes in the wording prayer book.
In it she called herself the `governor' of the church of England, not `Head', so that when people spoke of, or
prayed for, the head of the church, the Catholics meant in their hearts the Pope and the Protestants meant the
Although no-one was completely satisfied with this, most ordinary Protestants and Catholics were prepared to
accept it for the sake of peace. Only the strict Catholics and the Puritans really objected.