As History OCR Queen Elizabeth paper Key issue 1: what problems did Elizabeth face in 1558?

just my notes on any evidence needed for the essays covers 

religion 

finance 

foreign affairs 

condition of government 

and personality of monarch 

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Preview of As History OCR Queen Elizabeth paper Key issue 1: what problems did Elizabeth face in 1558?

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Key issue 1: What problems faced Elizabeth I in 1558?
Elizabeth's personality as a monarch
Characteristics of a monarch:
Devine right - god
Prerogative powers ­ decisions are theirs
Hereditary monarchy - inherited
Consensual - with p.c
Inheritance:
Father's strength
Religiously unstable England
Highly patriarchal society very stereotypical
Negative views on marriage
The reign of Elizabeth
Society:
After dukes were killed off Elizabeth did not appoint new ones
Rather than build new palaces Elizabeth modified old ones
Dominated by aristocracy
Merchants skilled crafts men urban labourers
Political structure:
Ultimate authority lies with the monarch
Previously there had been 3 rebellions 1549, 1554 & 1569
Religion:
England had been a catholic country to start with
Elizabeth succeeded at attepting to restore religious unity.
The Church of England:
Same structure as catholic church
Monarch has control over the church
Queen appoints bishops and archbishops
Economy:
90% of trade is with Antwerp
Heavy increase in the price of food
There was a system of deserving and undeserving poor
Churches and parishes were in charge of providing relief for the poor
The settlement of religion

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Key issue 1: What problems faced Elizabeth I in 1558?
Mary's settlement had to be reversed due to the religion
Many believed that Elizabeth's settlement may have been a little more upfront than she wanted to
go but others say she needed to in order to overcome the catholic members of the house of lords.
Heresy laws were suspended in December 1958
Catholic practices were still permitted
Elizabeth rejected transubstantiation (iconography)
21st Feb a bill is passed in order to make e head of church.…read more

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Key issue 1: What problems faced Elizabeth I in 1558?
War with France
Population 3 times that of England
Persuaded pope to postpone excommunicating Elizabeth
Spanish Netherlands:
Controlled by Spain
90% of England's exports
Protestant ideas spreading through
France:
Population of 12 million
Allies with Scotland
Links to MQS
Scotland:
1559 rebellion against Mary of Guise French send troops to support
Very close to border of England
Finance
Coinage had been debased under henry and Edward (Mary had restored gold)
Inflation was increasing
Harvest failures…read more

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