Edexcel GCSE Music- Peripetie

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  • Created on: 19-06-11 17:01
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1909 Schoenberg `Peripetie' From
Five Orchestral Pieces
Style and period Expressionist, Modernist
Expressing intense emotions
The second Viennese school:
Schoenberg
Alban Berg
Anton Webern
Schoenberg felt like chromaticism had been
developed as much as it could be in the
romantic period and so he started writing in
expressionism (atonal) as he felt he had to
follow in the footsteps of the great Austrian
composers and move music forwards.
Key features:
Atonal- avoids traditional keys-each
semitone has equal importance.
Each piece expresses an intense emotion
Composers use the full pitch range
exploring timbres at the extremes of the
instrument's registers
Use of extreme dynamics
The timbre is as important as the pitch in
contributing to the melody- Pieces are
usually quite short- difficult to structure
music without keys.
Use of large orchestra
Rhythmically complex
Detailed dynamic and technique
markings
Klangfarbenmelodie-tone colour melody-
moving parts rapidly through different
instruments
Hexachords-set of 6 pitches- are used
throughout to create melodies and chords.
Heftig- passionate
Serialism
After expressionism, Schoenberg created
serialism.
1. Take 12 notes of the chromatic scale
and put them in an order- this is your
prime row.
2. Play the prime row backwards- retro
grade

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Upside down- inverted
4. Backwards and upside down-
retrograde inversion.
To create harmony, you can arrange the note
of the row vertically to make chords.
Melody
Melodies:
use the hexachord to build up melodies
Use tuplets, when rests are added to
these it weakens the pulse
Are highly chromatic due to all the
semitones being used
Use extreme ranges of the instruments
Are disjunct- sometimes use octave
displacement and jump around a lot.…read more

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Frequent tempo changes disrupt the sense of
metre.
Structure Loose rondo Form
Section A: 1-18
Section B: 19-34
Section A1: 35-43
Section C:44-58
Section A2: 58-end
The structure is unclear
Tonality This piece is A-tonal, there are no keys used
Harmony Hexachords are often used in the harmony
(bar 8 in bassoons)
Dissonant and highly chromatic chords are
used throughout- help make it atonal
No conventional chords are used.- make it
more complex
Instrumentation Full orchestra.…read more

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