Early Life revision

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Religion and early life
Abortion: The deliberate termination of a pregnancy usually before the foetus is 24 weeks.
Abortion act 1967: the first law making abortion legal in England, Scotland and Wales
Adoption: the legal process where a child is taken (adopted) into the family as a son or
Birth: passing down the birth canal and living outside the mother
Conception: when the sperm meets the egg
Embryo: fertilised ovum at about 1214 days when implanted in the wall of the womb
Ensouled: receives a soul
Foetus: fertilised ovum at about 11 weeks once the organs have developed
Fostering: the taking of a child from a different family into a home and bringing them up with the
rest of the family. Not considered a son/ daughter. Not permanent
Gift: the idea that a child is a gift from God
Human Fertilisation and Embryology act 1990: the amendment to the abortion act that
reduced the time limit to 24 weeks
Pro Choice: in favour of a woman's rights to choose abortion
Pro Life: opposed to abortion in favour of the life of the foetus
Quality of Life: a measure of fulfilment. Considers the life the mother and child might have.
Sanctity of Life: life is sacred because it is God given
Viable: the point at which a foetus could survive if it were born
Why do people have children?
Want to start their own family
Survival of the human race
To create something that's amazing and unique
Accident/ unplanned
To help someone infertile/ result of IVF
The Miracle of Life
Christians see all life as sacred (Sanctity of Life) so all new born babies are considered a blessing
and a gift.
God chooses to create and destroy life and a baby is part of God's creation and plan. Life is
God-given and holy.
When does life begin?
Christians believe life begins at conception. This is when the sperm fertilises the egg.
At conception the fertilised egg gains a soul. This is called `ensoulment' and is a key Christian
A child's DNA is fixed a conception.
During the third week of pregnancy the nervous system and spinal column starts developing.
The heart starts beating in the fourth week of pregnancy.
At roughly 22 ­ 24 weeks the foetus becomes viable, which means it may survive outside the

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Religion and early life
Quality of Life
This considers the kind of Life the child and mother will have. Will it be full of pain and suffering?
Will the mother be able to love that child? It is about being able to experience life being fulfilled
and content inside.…read more

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Religion and early life
Christian Views
Roman Catholics: Abortion is never acceptable unless the mother's life is at risk and is
absolutely necessary to have an abortion (only if the procedure is to save her life, and in effect
the baby dies/ double effect). They believe life is sacred and should never be destroyed.…read more

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Religion and early life
Mother doesn't have to look after the child but doesn't have to abort it
Child lives and has a chance at a good QOL with loving parents
They will be in a family which really wants a child
Permanent family (unlike fostering)
child may be upset if they find out their parents are not their birth parents
Birth mother can't change her mind and can never have the child back
Too many children being put up for adoption
no genetic…read more

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Religion and early life
Offer emotional, legal and practical support to children and families for as long as they need it
Supervise and support placements before adoptions and provide services after adoptions
orders have been place too
They have a service for adults who were adopted through banardos and allows them to access
care records to find out about their past
they provide support and advice for adults who were adopted
Offer counselling and support to birth parents…read more


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