Slides in this set
WHAT WAS HE TRYING TO ESTABLISH?
· It was an attempt to prove that sociology
could provide an explanation for an act
which seems to be the opposite of social
· Suicide is very individual and is often
considered the ultimate individual
· Wanted to prove that societal rules
pertained to everything.
· By doing this he hoped he would establish
sociology as a factual science of society.…read more
· The suicide rate is the number of people
who kill themselves in a particular society or
group within society of time.
· Rates were generally higher in protestant
countries than catholic countries.
· There were variations in the suicide rate
between different groups within the same
Rates of suicide per million inhabitants in
1866 70 countries
`1871 -75 1970.
Italy 30 35 38
Austria 78 94 130
Saxony 295 267 334…read more
EXPLAINING THE SUICIDE RATE
Suicide and society...
· According to Durkheim, patterns in suicide rates
could not be explained in terms of the
Psychology of individuals
· The answers lay in society, in the relationship
between individuals and society and in
particular, the degree to which they were
integrated into social groups and regulated by
· In a strongly integrated society individuals are
bound together by shared norms and values.
· In a strongly integrated society, people have
powerful duties and obligations to each other
levels of integration vary between societies and…read more
· Regulation varies between societies and groups within
society. Regulation refers to the contact with society has
over its members to the degree to which society regulates
· Durkheim asked the questions:
How was society held together?
How was social order maintained?
What constituted a healthy society?
· The answer was appropriate levels of integration and
· Too little integration and regulating would result in social
disorder. The norms and values which bound individuals
together and the regulations which controlled their
behaviours would be weakened society would become
unbalanced. The results would be pathological or harmful
· Durkheim believed that this was happening in modern
society, and the rise in suicide rated in European
countries was indication of this trend.
· Too much integration and regulation was also harmful for
society. If norms and values are too strong they would
prevent the innovation and change necessary for a…read more